Middle East

A land of resplendent variety: exploring the best of Oman

It might be a cliché, but there really is something for everybody.

Oman is not merely a desert. While it has the classic sand seas, it also boasts a plethora of other awe-inspiring landscapes, from lush monsoon-soaked valleys and never-ending beaches to striking mountain ranges and historic settlements.

This is undoubtedly a country of nuances that – when knitted together – create one of those places that you wish you had visited before and will be raring to visit again. So, whether you’re seeking a short break steeped in history or a self-drive holiday saturated with adventure, these Oman highlights will help you plan the perfect itinerary. 

Haggle for riches in Mutrah Suq

Mutrah Suq – also known as Suq Al Dhalam or Market of Darkness – is easily the largest market in Oman. The suq takes its name from the darkness provided by the shading over the winding alleys, which are more extensive and complex than anywhere else in the country. The aromas from the spice, the incense and the perfume shops evoke an exotic sense of Arabia. 

Mutrah Suq Oman by Imrandr Dreamstime
© Imrandr, Dreamstime

As in the 1960s, you can still buy a Taiwanese tricycle, a Mexican gold sovereign, an old bedstead or a Penguin paperback here. Today the central passage is increasingly given over to souvenirs or you can buy frankincense sold by men from the mountains of Dhofar. If you have a yearning for an ‘I love Oman’ T-shirt or belly dancer costume, this is the place to find them. You will also find coffee pots, incense burners, rose-water sprinklers, henna, Arabic coffee, oregano, dried limes, dried chilli peppers, Oman perfumes, the ubiquitous pashminas, dishdashas, antiques, gold, silver, chests, rugs, handicrafts and even the essential animated toy camel. Khanjarsthe Omani man’s ceremonial dagger, are popular but expensive souvenirs.

Trek in the Al Jabal Al Akhdar Mountains

These mountains offer superb trekking possibilities and many of the routes are now waymarked. They range from short, easy walks of an hour or two to reach breathtaking viewpoints, up to longer, more arduous 14-hour overnight treks to higher peaks. The scenery is stunning on all of these, with mountain gorges, ridges and plateaux. 

Rural village Al Jabal Al Akhdar Mountains Oman by trabantos Shutterstock
© trabantos, Shutterstock

The most spectacular is probably the famous ‘Balcony Walk’ around the rim of Oman’s own Grand Canyon. Starting from the Al Khitaym village, a track runs along the edge of the canyon, gradually descending from 1,900m to around 1,600m. The views are extraordinary along the trek, which is best done either early in the morning when the air is cool, or in the afternoon when the escarpment above provides shade.

Enjoy world-class birdwatching

Oman sits at the crossroads of three continents: Europe, Africa and Asia, and is thus well placed along bird migratory routes, which makes it an excellent location for seeing transitory species as well as interesting resident and wintering birds. 

Paradise Flycatcher Bird Oman by BMJ Shutterstock
African paradise flycatcher © BMJ, Shutterstock

While there are good birding sites in every region of the country, Al Qurum Natural Park is a must visit. Although the park is located within the capital area of Muscat, it is a surprisingly peaceful spot. Here, species such as the purple sunbird, Indian silverbill, Indian roller, little green bee-eater, yellow-vented bulbul and the graceful prinia are likely to be seen.

Another excellent site is the lagoon of Khawr Ad Dahariz, where birds more African in character are often spotted, including the African silverbill, Verreaux’s eagle, Didric cuckoo and African paradise flycatcher. 

Watch turtles hatch at Ras Al Jinz

There are seven sea turtle species in the world, of which five occur in Oman’s waters and four breed. The protected turtle-breeding beaches at Ras Al Jinz are a popular place to visit, with the turtles here a key element in the Omani government’s tourism strategy. They can be seen virtually all year round, but May through to August is peak nesting time. 

Turtle Ras Al Jinz Beach Oman by Catherine Guild Shutterstock
© Catherine Guild, Shutterstock

Guides will escort you to the nesting beach after dusk to watch the large female turtles come ashore and lay their eggs. Alternatively, you can go just before dawn – also on a supervised visit – and watch the eggs hatching and baby turtles scurrying to the sea. This early morning experience can often be more enjoyable than the evening one as you can avoid the crowds. 

Try your hand at wadi bashing

Wadi bashing is the popular name for taking a 4×4 through a dried natural watercourse that has been formed over millennia by rains washing down from the mountains. Although the name sounds severe, you might be relieved to hear that the ‘bashing’ can be done gently or exhilaratingly, depending on your personal preference. 

Wadi Bashing Oman by Ministry of Tourism Oman
© Ministry of Tourism Oman

Wadi Al Khawd to Fanja is short but full of fun, though often washed away after floods. Wadi Bani Awf in the Al Batinah region is a ‘must-do’ wadi, and can be managed easily in a day trip from Muscat. This deep wadi has an advantage, if you only have a saloon (sedan), as 11km is an all-weather tarmacked road, through spectacular scenery. See any of the regional chapters for further details of particular wadis that are worth a visit. Tour operators will arrange a trip for you if you do not wish to explore independently. It is always sensible to go in a convoy of at least two cars for most of your unpaved wadi initiations.

Step back in time at ancient fortifications

There are innumerable fortifications in Oman. This extensive network of forts, fortified castles and watchtowers sprang up throughout regions to defend against foreign invaders like the Persians or the Portuguese, but more importantly as a power base to defend against and launch attacks against local rival powers. 

Nakhal Fort Rustaq Loop Oman by Richard Yoshida Shutterstock
Nakhal Fort © Richard Yoshida, Shutterstock

The Rustaq Loop allows you to take in three of Oman’s greatest forts – Al Hazm, Nakhal and Ar Rustaq. Each takes at least an hour to visit, so set aside a day, or ideally two, for the round trip.

Another fort that should be on every visitor’s itinerary is the UNESCO World Heritage Site of Bahla Fort. Described as ‘a monument of global importance’, the fort sits proudly atop a small hill with archaeological remains dating back 5,000 years. 

Discover an unexpected forest

In the Dhofar region, the crescent of mountains behind the city of Salalah traps the southwesterly monsoon cloud – locally called the khareef – which occurs from June to September. This brings dense mist and precipitation, giving rise to a lush, green landscape. 

Salalah Forest during Khareef season by Ashraf Hamdan Shutterstock
© Ashraf Hamdan, Shutterstock

Luxuriant vegetation of grass, flowering plants and trees spring into leaf from late June and are best seen after the cloud lifts from mid-September. By November the greenery has vanished in all but the most fortunate valleys and sea cliffs. 

Take a dhow cruise from Musandam

The majority of dhow (traditional Arab wooden sailing boat) cruises that set off from the Musandam Peninsula do so from Khasab Harbour. These trips take you into Khawr Ash-Sham, a giant fjord that harbours Telegraph Island, and where the water is calm and sheltered. 

Dhow Cruise Musandam by Martchan Shutterstock
© Martchan, Shutterstock

You have a good chance of spotting Indo-Pacific humpback dolphins as you enter the fjord, as they like the calm water, but are also attracted by the sound and wake of the engine, swimming with the boat as if it were a giant dolphin. The dhows anchor at nearby Telegraph Island and you are given the opportunity to swim and snorkel. If you wish, you can swim up to the island itself and climb the stone steps up to the top. 

More information

Eager to start planning a trip to Oman? Take a look at our comprehensive guide: