At a glance

Location Taiwan is an island in northeast Asia, separated from China by the Taiwan Strait and located on the western edge of the Pacific Ocean.

Neighbouring countries Taiwan has maritime borders with China, Japan and the Philippines.

Size/Area 36,191km²

Climate Semi-tropical in the north, tropical in the south with wet summers and mild winters.

Status Republic

Population 23.57 million (2018). More than 96% of the population is of Han Chinese descent; around 2% is Austronesian.

Life expectancy 77.01 years (males), 83.62 (females)

Capital Taipei (population: 2.67 million)

Other main cities Taichung (population: 2.80 million), Kaohsiung (population: 2.77 million) and Tainan (population: 1.88 million)

Economy Free market with strong manufacturing and high-technology sectors.

GDP US$579 billion (2017)

Languages/official language Mandarin (official), Taiwanese, Hakka, aboriginal languages.

Religion Taoism and Buddhism with Christian and Muslim minorities.

Currency New Taiwan dollar. Banknotes with a value of 100, 200, 500, 1,000 and 2,000 NTD; coins with a value of 1, 5, 10, 20 and 50 NTD (for up-to-date rates, go to

National airline/airport China Airlines/Taiwan Taoyuan International Airport (IATA: TPE)

International telephone code +886

Time Taiwan is 8 hours ahead of GMT (Greenwich Mean Time), 11 hours behind New York (Eastern Standard Time) and 15 hours ahead of Los Angeles (Pacific Standard Time). It’s in the same time zone as the PRC and 1 hour ahead of Singapore. Sunrise and sunset times are listed on English-language pages of the Central Weather Bureau’s website.

Electrical voltage 110v/60Hz; two-pin plugs

Weights and measures Metric

Flag Red; the top left quarter is blue with a white star

National anthem San Min Chu I (Three Principles of the People)

National flower Plum blossom (Prunus mei)

National bird Taiwan blue magpie (Urocissa caerulea)

National sports Baseball and basketball

Public holidays On the Gregorian calendar: 1 January (Founding Day of the Republic), 28 February (Peace Memorial Day), 4 April (Children’s Day), 5 April (Tomb-Sweeping Day), 1 May (Labour Day), 10 October (National Day). On the lunar calendar: January/February (Lunar New Year), June (Dragon Boat Festival), September (Mid-Autumn Festival).