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Svalbard - At a glance
Svalbard at a glance
Location North Atlantic (Greenland Sea), Barents Sea and Northern Polar Ocean
Neighbouring countries Greenland, Norway, Russia, USA (Alaska), Canada
Size/area Svalbard 62,500km², Franz Josef Land 16,100km², Jan Mayen 380km²
Climate Low Arctic to High Arctic
Status Svalbard: part of Norway with special international status due to the Spitsbergen (Svalbard) Treaty; Franz Josef Land: part of Russia by annexation in the 1920–30s; Jan Mayen: part of Norway, but some special legislation
Capital Svalbard: Longyearbyen (pop 2,080). Only stations in the other two territories.
Other settlements Svalbard: Barentsburg (pop 350), Ny-Ålesund (pop 50), Hornsund (pop 9)
Economy Svalbard: coal mining, tourism, scientific research and education, small enterprises
Languages/official language Svalbard: Norwegian (official language), Russian; Franz Josef Land: Russian; Jan Mayen: Norwegian
Religion Svalbard: mostly Church of Norway (Protestant), with some Russian Orthodox and Roman Catholics
Currency Svalbard and Jan Mayen: Norsk Kroner NKR (international: NOK) (for up-to-date rates, go to www.xe.com)
National airline/airport Svalbard: Longyearbyen Airport (LYR)/ Scandinavian Airlines (SAS). No civil airports and regular flights in the other two territories.
International telephone code Svalbard and Jan Mayen: +47. No regular telephones in Franz Josef Land.
Time Svalbard and Jan Mayen: Central European time (GMT+1, also in summer); Franz Josef Land: Moscow time (GMT+3)
Electrical voltage 220–50V AC/DC in all three territories
Weights and measures Metric (SI standard) in all three territories
Flag Svalbard and Jan Mayen: Norwegian; Franz Josef Land: Russian
National anthem Svalbard and Jan Mayen: Norwegian; Franz Josef Land: Russian
National flower Svalbard: polar poppy (Papaver dahliamum)
Sports Svalbard: Nordic skiing, snowboarding, jogging, soccer, badminton, surfing, golf
Public holidays Svalbard and Jan Mayen: 25–26 December (Christmas), 1 January (New Year), 1 May (Labour Day), 17 May (Constitution Day), Easter, Ascension of Christ, Whitsun