Haiti at a glance
Location Caribbean Sea, western third of the island of Hispaniola (bordering the Dominican Republic)
Time Eastern Standard Time (GMT –5 hours)
International telephone code +509
Currency Haitian gourde (HTG). The unofficial term Haitian dollar (H$) is commonly used, where H$1=5HTG. For up-to-date exchange rates, go to www.xe.com.
Electricity 110–125V (60Hz AC), flat two-pin plugs as in the USA
Population 10.1 million (July 2015 estimate)
(Photo: Haiti’s most important contribution to world architecture is the gingerbread house. Found mostly in Port-au-Prince (pictured), they are paragons of elegant tropical living © Jacqualine Labrom, Voyages Lumière Haiti)
Languages Creole (Kreyol), French
Religion Roman Catholic (80%), Protestant (various denominations; 20%). Vodou is practised alongside Christianity by up to half the population.
Flag Two horizontal bands of blue and red, centred with a white rectangle bearing a palm tree flanked by flags and cannon and the motto L’Union Fait La Force (‘Unity Makes Strength’)
Economy Agriculture (coffee, mangoes, sugarcane, rice) and garment assembly. The economy is heavily reliant on foreign aid.