Jordan at a glance

Full name The Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan

Location Middle East

Neighbouring countries Saudi Arabia, Iraq, Israel and Palestine, Syria

Size Approximately 96,200km²

Climate Semi-arid

Status Constitutional Monarchy

Population 6.5 million (UN 2010)

Life expectancy 72 years (men), 75 years (women) (UN)

Capital Amman (population 2.2 million)

Other main towns Ajlun (Ajloun), Aqaba, Azraq (Al-Azraq), Petra (Al-Batra) at Wadi Musa, Irbid, Jerash, Karak (Al-Karak), Ma’an, Madaba, Mafraq (Al- Mafraq), Ramtha (Ar-Ramtha), Salt (As-Salt), Zarqa (Az-Zarqa)

Economy GNP JOD14,993 million; per head JOD3,653; inflation 3%

GDP 3.9%

Languages Arabic (official), English

Religion Sunni Muslim 92%, Christian 6%

Currency Jordanian dinar (JOD, unofficially known as the JD) = 10 dirham, 100 piastres and 1,000 fils, pegged to the US$ (for up-to-date rates, go to

National airline Royal Jordanian:

Main airports Queen Alia International Airport, Amman; King Hussein International Airport, Aqaba

International telephone code +962

Area telephone codes Ajlun 2; Aqaba 3; Azraq 5; Amman 6; Irbid 2; Jerash 2; Karak 3; Ma’an 3; Madaba 5; Mafraq 2; Petra 3; Ramtha 2; Salt 5; Wadi Rum 3; Zarqa 5

Time October to March: GMT +2 hours; April to September: GMT +3; US Eastern Time +7

Electrical voltage 220 AC volts, 50 cycles, requiring rounded two-prong wall plugs. US visitors will need a transformer.

Weights and measures Metric

Flag Black, white and green horizontal bands from top to bottom, red triangle to left side containing a white seven-pointed star

National anthem Al-salam Al-malaki Al-urdoni (Jordanian Royal Anthem)

National flower Black Iris (Iris nigricans)

National bird Sinai rosefinch

Public holidays New Year’s Day: 1 January; His Majesty King Abdullah II’s birthday: 30 January; Labour Day: 1 May; Independence Day: 25 May; Accession Day: 9 June; King Hussein I Remembrance Day: 14 November; Christmas Day: 25 December.

Variable religious holidays Mowlid an-Nabawi (Birthday of Prophet Muhammad); Easter; Eid al-Isra wal-Miraj (Night Journey to Heaven); Ramadan; Eid al-Fitr (a three-day or four-day feast to mark the end of Ramadan); Eid al-Adha (a four-day feast at the end of the Hajj month of pilgrimage to Makkah); First of Muharram (Islamic New Year)

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