Eastern Turkey - At a glance

Eastern Turkey at a glance

Official name Republic of Turkey

Location Between the northeastern corner of the Mediterranean and the southern shoreline of the Black Sea

Neighbouring countries Armenia 268km (length of border), Azerbaijan 9km, Georgia 252km, Iran 499km, Iraq 331km, Syria 822km (to the west Bulgaria 240km, Greece 206km)

Size 546,406km² (70% of the country’s area of 780,000km²)

Climate Very hot dry summers, very cold snowy winters in the interior. Milder winters and more humid summers on the coast.

Status Parliamentary republic

Population 32 million (40% of the country’s population of 80 million)

Life expectancy Male 71 years, female 75 years

Adult literacy Male 95%, female 80%

Capital (and population) Ankara (4.8 million)

Other main towns Adana, Gaziantep, Konya, Kayseri, Mersin, Diyarbakır

Economy Agriculture, forestry, major industries – automotive, textiles, iron and steel, clothing, white goods, natural resources – antimony, coal, chromium, mercury, copper

GDP US$773 billion (2012 )

Languages Turkish (official), Kurdish

Religion 99% Muslim, 1% other (mostly Christian and Jewish)

Currency Turkish lira (TRY) (for up-to-date rates, go to www.xe.com)

National airline/airport Turkish Airlines (THY). Hub airports: İstanbul, Ankara.

International telephone code +90

Internet domain .tr

Time GMT+2

Electrical voltage 220V

Weights and measures Metric system

Flag Red flag with white crescent moon and star in centre, derived from the Ottoman flag

National anthem Istiklal Marşı ‘Independence March’ ‘Fear not, the crimson flag, waving in these dawns, will never fade’

National flower Tulip

National sports Greased wrestling and football

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