The Basque Country and Navarre - At a glance


The Basque Country and Navarre at a glance

Location North-central Spain and southwest France
Size 20,747km2
Climate Varied: oceanic with frequent rainfall around the Bay of Biscay, the inland French Basque Country and northern Navarre; warmer and drier in Álava; Mediterranean in central Navarre and semi-desert in southern Navarre.
Status Gipuzkoa, Bizkaia and Álava together form the Basque Autonomous Community; the Chartered Community of Navarre is a separate autonomous community; Labourd, Basse-Navarre and Soule are all parts of the French département of Pyrénées-Atlantiques, within the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region 
Population 3,087,000 (Basque Autonomous Community 2,189,000; Navarre 641,000; French Basque Provinces 277,000)
Main towns Bilbao, Vitoria-Gasteiz, San Sebastián, Pamplona, Bayonne, Biarritz
Economy Basque Autonomous Community: industry based on metallurgy, manufacturing, tourism, service industries; Álava: winemaking; Navarre: winemaking, renewable energy, agriculture; France: some aviation-oriented industry, tourism and services, agriculture
GDP per capita Basque Autonomous Community €33,000; Navarre €30,000 (Spain €24,999); Aquitaine (includes French Basque Country) €35,000 (France €34,000)
Official languages Basque Autonomous Community: Spanish and Basque; Navarre: Spanish, Basque in the Basque-speaking parts; France: French
Religion Predominantly Roman Catholic
Currency Euro (€)
Airports Bilbao and Biarritz (both international); Vitoria-Gasteiz, Pamplona, San Sebastián (all domestic flights only)
International telephone code +34 (Spain), +33 (France)
Time GMT +1
Electrical voltage 220V (50Hz)
Weights and measures Metric
Flags Spain: red horizontal bands above and below broader yellow horizontal band; France: three vertical bands of equal width, from left to right blue, white and red; Basque flag (ikurrina): red background with white cross and green saltire; Navarre: red background with central shield
Public holidays 1 January, 6 January (Spain only), Maundy Thursday (Spain only, date variable), Good Friday (date variable), Easter Monday (date variable), 1 May, 8 May (France only), Ascension (France only, date variable), Whit Monday (France only, date variable), 14 July (France only), 15 August (Spain only), 12 October (Spain only), 1 November, 11 November (France only), 6 December (Spain only), 8 December (Spain only), 25 December

Back to the top

The Basque Country and Navarre articles

View all

The Basque Country: a gastronomic guide

From traditional tapas to world-class wines, the Basque Country is a region bursting with gastronomic delights. 

Read more...

Five reasons to visit the Basque Country and Navarre

Marvel at Bilbao’s Guggenheim, lounge on Biarritz’s famous beaches or join in one of the many local festivals. 

Read more...

A Land of Ice and Fire

Celebrate the final season of Game of Thrones hitting our screens by taking a look at some of the locations that have starred in the show.

Read more...

Related guides and other books

View all