The Basque Country and Navarre - At a glance


The Basque Country and Navarre at a glance

Location North-central Spain and southwest France
Size 20,747km2
Climate Varied: oceanic with frequent rainfall around the Bay of Biscay, the inland French Basque Country and northern Navarre; warmer and drier in Álava; Mediterranean in central Navarre and semi-desert in southern Navarre.
Status Gipuzkoa, Bizkaia and Álava form the Basque Autonomous Community; the Chartered Community of Navarre is a separate autonomous community; Labourd, Basse-Navarre and Soule are all parts of the French département of Pyrénées-Atlantiques
Population 3,087,000 (Basque Autonomous Community 2,173,000; Navarre 640,000; French Basque Provinces 274,000)
Main towns Bilbao, Vitoria-Gasteiz, San Sebastián, Pamplona, Bayonne, Biarritz
Economy Basque Autonomous Community: industry based on metallurgy, manufacturing, tourism, service industries; Álava: winemaking; Navarre: winemaking, renewable energy, agriculture; France: some aviation-oriented industry, tourism and services, agriculture
GDP per capita Basque Autonomous Community €31,000; Navarre €29,000 (Spain €24,000); Aquitaine (includes French Basque Country) €37,000 (France €36,000)
Official languages Basque Autonomous Community: Spanish and Basque; Navarre: Spanish, Basque in the Basque-speaking parts; France: French
Religion Predominantly Roman Catholic
Currency Euro (€)
Airports Bilbao and Biarritz (both international); Vitoria-Gasteiz, Pamplona, San Sebastián (all domestic fl ghts only)
International telephone code +34 (Spain), +33 (France)
Time GMT +1
Electrical voltage 220V (50Hz)
Weights and measures Metric
Flags Spain: red horizontal bands above and below broader yellow horizontal band; France: three vertical bands of equal width, from left to right blue, white and red; Basque flag (ikurrina): red background with white cross and green saltire; Navarre: red background with central shield
Public holidays 1 January, 6 January (Spain only), Maundy Thursday (Spain only, date variable), Good Friday (date variable), Easter Monday (date variable), 1 May, 8 May (France only), Ascension (France only, date variable), Whit Monday (France only, date variable), 14 July (France only), 15 August (Spain only), 12 October (Spain only), 1 November, 11 November (France only), 6 December (Spain only), 8 December (Spain only), 25 December

Back to the top

The Basque Country and Navarre articles

View all

9 alternative European city breaks

You've been to Paris, Rome and Barcelona – so what next?

Read more...

8 alternative summer beach destinations

Branch out from the same overcrowded summer destinations with our guide to 8 alternative beach holidays for summer 2017. 

Read more...

12 of Europe’s most impressive castles

From complex histories to spectacular architecture, castles have so much to offer. 

Read more...

Related guides and other books

View all