The Basque Country and Navarre - At a glance

The Basque Country and Navarre at a glance

Location North-central Spain and southwest France
Size 20,747km2
Climate Varied: oceanic with frequent rainfall around the Bay of Biscay, the inland French Basque Country and northern Navarre; warmer and drier in Álava; Mediterranean in central Navarre and semi-desert in southern Navarre.
Status Gipuzkoa, Bizkaia and Álava together form the Basque Autonomous Community; the Chartered Community of Navarre is a separate autonomous community; Labourd, Basse-Navarre and Soule are all parts of the French département of Pyrénées-Atlantiques, within the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region 
Population 3,087,000 (Basque Autonomous Community 2,189,000; Navarre 641,000; French Basque Provinces 277,000)
Main towns Bilbao, Vitoria-Gasteiz, San Sebastián, Pamplona, Bayonne, Biarritz
Economy Basque Autonomous Community: industry based on metallurgy, manufacturing, tourism, service industries; Álava: winemaking; Navarre: winemaking, renewable energy, agriculture; France: some aviation-oriented industry, tourism and services, agriculture
GDP per capita Basque Autonomous Community €33,000; Navarre €30,000 (Spain €24,999); Aquitaine (includes French Basque Country) €35,000 (France €34,000)
Official languages Basque Autonomous Community: Spanish and Basque; Navarre: Spanish, Basque in the Basque-speaking parts; France: French
Religion Predominantly Roman Catholic
Currency Euro (€)
Airports Bilbao and Biarritz (both international); Vitoria-Gasteiz, Pamplona, San Sebastián (all domestic flights only)
International telephone code +34 (Spain), +33 (France)
Time GMT +1
Electrical voltage 220V (50Hz)
Weights and measures Metric
Flags Spain: red horizontal bands above and below broader yellow horizontal band; France: three vertical bands of equal width, from left to right blue, white and red; Basque flag (ikurrina): red background with white cross and green saltire; Navarre: red background with central shield
Public holidays 1 January, 6 January (Spain only), Maundy Thursday (Spain only, date variable), Good Friday (date variable), Easter Monday (date variable), 1 May, 8 May (France only), Ascension (France only, date variable), Whit Monday (France only, date variable), 14 July (France only), 15 August (Spain only), 12 October (Spain only), 1 November, 11 November (France only), 6 December (Spain only), 8 December (Spain only), 25 December

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