Serbia at a glance
Location In the central part of the Balkan Peninsula of southeast Europe, with Hungary to the north, Romania to the northeast, Bulgaria to the southeast, Albania and Macedonia to the south, Bosnia and Herzegovina to the west, Montenegro in the southwest and Croatia to the northwest. Kosovo, unrecognised by Serbia as an independent republic, also lies to the south.
Status Republic, formerly part of a loose union with Montenegro, which voted for full independence in 2006. Kosovo declared unilateral independence in 2008.
Climate A temperate, continental climate, with warm summers up to 30°C and snowy winters down to –5°C, colder in mountain areas
Longest river The Danube (588km), flowing west to east through Serbia
Highest peak Midžor (2,169m)
Population 7,041,600 (2016 estimate excluding Kosovo). 83% Serbs, 4% Hungarians, 2% Bosniaks, and Romanians, Croatians, Bulgarians, Roma and Vlachs among a total of 37 minority groups.
Government Parliamentary democracy
Capital Belgrade (metropolitan population approximately 1.65 million)
Other major cities and towns Novi Sad (280,000), Niš (260,000), Kragujevac (180,000), Subotica (100,000)
Language The official language is Serbian, which is written in both the Cyrillic and Latin alphabets
Religion The main religion is Serbian Orthodox with Catholic, Protestant and Muslim minorities
Weights and measures Metric system
Currency Serbian dinar (1 dinar = 100 para)
Exchange rate £1 = 146din, US$1 = 116din, €1 = 124din (April 2017)
International telephone code +381
Electricity 220 volts AC, 50Hz. Round, two-pin sockets.
Public holidays 1 January (New Year), 7 January (Orthodox Christmas), 14 January (Orthodox New Year), 15 February (Constitution Day), 1–2 May (Labour Days), Orthodox Easter is variable, 11 November (Armistice Day)
Flag Red, blue and white horizontal stripes with Serbian coat of arms