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Transylvania - At a glance
Transylvania at a glance
Rooftops in the city of Sibiu © MariusGODOI, Shutterstock
Country name România (Romania)
Region name Transylvania (Ardeal/Erdély)
Location Romania is situated in central Europe, southeast of Hungary, north of Bulgaria, east of Serbia and west of Moldova and the Black Sea. Transylvania is situated right in the heart of Romania.
Size/area (km) Romania has an area of 238,391km²
Population The 2011 census recorded Romania’s population as 20,121,641, though it is believed to have declined to around 19.7 million in 2016 as a result of a low birth rate and out-migration. The population of the ten counties covered by this book was a little over 3.9 million in 2011.
President Klaus Iohannis (elected in November 2014)
Prime Minister Mihai Tudose (appointed in June 2017)
Capital Bucureşti (Bucharest), population 1.9 million
Languages Romanian is the only official language. According to the 2011 census it was the first language of 85% of the population; Hungarian is the first language of 6%.
Ethnic composition The main ethnic groups in Romania, as at the 2011 census, were Romanian 83%, Hungarian 6%, Roma 3%, German and Ukrainian each 0.2%. Within Transylvania the main ethnic groups (again as at 2011) were Romanian 71%, Hungarian 18%, German 0.4%. Eight Transylvanian counties have Romanian majorities, and two (Covasna and Harghita) are mostly Hungarian.
Religion The 2011 census figures recorded 81% of the population as Romanian Orthodox, 4.3% Roman Catholic, 3% reformed, 1.8% Pentecostal and 0.75% Greco Catholic
Currency Leu (plural lei) (RON) 1 leu = 100 bani. Banknotes with a value of 1 leu and 5, 10, 50, 100, 200 and 500 lei; coins with a value of 1, 5, 10 and 50 bani. (For up-to-date rates, go to the XE website.)
International telephone code Romania +40, Bucharest +40 21
Time Romania falls into the East European Time Zone (EET), 2 hours ahead of GMT (Greenwich Mean Time), 7 hours ahead of New York (Eastern Standard Time) and 10 hours ahead of Los Angeles (Pacific Standard Time)
Electrical voltage 230V/50Hz; two round-pin plugs
Flag Three equal vertical bands of (from hoist side) blue, yellow and red National anthem Deşteaptă-te, române (‘Awaken, Romanian!’), lyrics by Andrei Mureşanu
Tourist board Romania Tourism
Public holidays 1–2 January (New Year’s Day celebrations), 24 January (Union of Romanian Principalities), April/May (Orthodox Easter), 1 May (Labour Day), May/June (Pentecost), 1 June (International Children’s Day), 15 August (The Assumption), 30 November (St Andrew’s Day), 1 December (National Day), 24–25 December (Christmas)