Transylvania - At a glance

Transylvania at a glance

Country name România (Romania)

Region name Transylvania (Ardeal/Erdély)

Location Romania is situated in central Europe, south of Hungary, north of Bulgaria, east of Serbia and west of Moldova and the Black Sea. Transylvania is situated right in the heart of Romania.

Size/area (km) Romania 237,500km², of which 57,800km² is Transylvania

Territory Transylvania is made up of ten modern counties (judeţ): Alba, Bistriţa-Năsăud, Braşov, Cluj, Covasna, Harghita, Hunedoara, Mureş, Sălaj and Sibiu

Population Romania 19,042,936 (February 2012). Transylvania’s population is 7,221,733 with a large Romanian majority (74.69%). There are also sizeable Hungarian (19.60%), Roma (3.39%), German (0.73%), Serb (0.11%) and other (1.48%) communities. Eight Transylvanian counties have Romanian majorities, and two (Covasna and Harghita) are mostly Hungarian.

President Traian Băsescu (re-elected 6 December 2009)

Prime Minister Victor Ponta (elected 7 May 2012)

Capital Bucureşti (Bucharest), population 1.7 million

Languages Romanian 91% (official), Hungarian 6.7%, Romani 1.1%, other 1.2%

Nationalities Romanian 88.6%, Hungarian (including Székely) 6.5%, Roma 3.3%, Ukrainian 0.3%, German 0.2%, Russian 0.1%, Turkish 0.1%, other 0.5%

Religion Eastern Orthodox 86.7%, Roman Catholic 4.7%, Protestant 3.2%, Greek Catholic 0.9%, Unitarian 0.3%, Evangelical 0.1%, other 4.1%

Currency Romanian new leu (plural lei) (RON) 1 leu = 100 bani. Banknotes with a value of 1 leu and 5, 10, 50, 100, 200 and 500 lei; coins with a value of 1, 2, 5, 10 and 50 bani.

Exchange rate For up-to-date rates, go to

International telephone code Romania +40, Bucharest +40 021

Time Transylvanian time is EET (East European Time), two hours ahead of GMT (Greenwich Mean Time), seven hours ahead of New York (Eastern Standard Time) and ten hours ahead of Los Angeles (Pacific Standard Time).

Electrical voltage 220V/50Hz; two-pin plugs

Flag Three equal vertical bands of (from hoist side) blue (sky and water), yellow (crops, wheat) and red (blood)

National anthem Deşteaptă-te, române (‘Awake, O Romanian!’), music by Anton Pann

Tourist board website  

Public holidays and feast days 1–2 January (New Year’s Day celebrations), April/May (Orthodox Easter), Easter Monday, 1 May (Labour Day), 1 December (National Day commemorating the union of Transylvania with Wallachia and Moldavia in 1918 (in Alba Iulia), 24–25 December (Christmas)

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