Montenegro at a glance

Location On the Adriatic coast, with Serbia to the north, Albania to the southeast and Croatia and Bosnia and Herzegovina to the northwest

Status Republic

Size 13,812km²

National parks Durmitor (39,000ha); Lovćen (6,200ha); Biogradska Gora (5,650ha); Skadar Lake (40,000ha); Prokletije (16,630ha)

Climate Mediterranean on coast; more extreme on central plain; subalpine in mountains

Population 625,266 (2011 census)

Capital Podgorica (population 185,937)

Historical and cultural capital Cetinje

Other major cities Herceg Novi, Ulcinj, Budva, Nikšić, Kotor, Bar and Pljevlja

Total length of roads 5,174km

Length of railway 249km

Major earners Bauxite and aluminium; beer and wine; ship repair; hydroelectric power; agriculture including timber; tourism

Language Montenegrin

Religion Most Montenegrins are, at least nominally, Christian, but there is also a signifi cant Muslim minority. Main Christian denomination is Eastern Orthodox, subdivided into Montenegrin Orthodox and Serbian Orthodox; sizeable Roman Catholic presence; also small minorities of Protestants and Jews.

Currency Euro €1 = £0.79 = US$1.28 (autumn 2014)

Time GMT+1; daylight saving +1 hour from last Sunday in March to last Sunday in October

International telephone code +382 (Serbia retains the old shared number, +381)

Email national designation .me (formerly cg.yu)

Electricity 220 volts AC. Sockets are round two-pin.

Flag The golden eagle of King Nikola on a red field with a golden frame, on the chest of the eagle a lion backed with green and blue (adopted 12 July 2004)

Anthem Based on the traditional folk song ‘Oh Bright Dawn in May’ (Oj Svijetla Majska Zoro)

National holidays 1–2 January, 7 January, 8 March, Easter Sunday & Monday, 1–2 May, 9 May, 21–2 May, 13 July, 29–30 November, 25 December

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