Luxembourg - At a glance

Luxembourg at a glance

Location Northwest Europe, wedged between Belgium, France and Germany
Area 2,586km²
Climate Temperate (mild winters, cool summers)
Status Constitutional monarchy
Population 540,000 (2014 estimate)
Life expectancy 82 (men 79.7, women 84.1)
Capital Luxembourg City (population 103,600 – 2014 estimate)
Other main towns Esch-sur-Alzette, Dudelange
Economy Banking and financial services, steel, tourism
GDP per capita US$77,900 (2013 estimate), the sixth-highest in the world
Languages Luxembourgish, German and French
Religion Roman Catholicism, but all religions are tolerated and respected
Currency Euro (for up-to-date exchange rates, go to
National airline, airport Luxair, Findel Airport
International telephone code +352
Time Central European Time (CET), GMT +1 (+2 in summer)
Electrical voltage 230V AC/50Hz
Weights and measures Metric
Flag Three horizontal stripes. From top to bottom: red, white and light blue. The national ensign has ten horizontal stripes, alternating light blue and white, with a red lion at the centre.
National anthem Ons Hémécht (‘Our Homeland’), created in 1859 from a text by Michel Lentz, set to music by Jean-Antoine Zinnen. Unusually for a national anthem it’s a hymn to peace rather than a call to arms.
National flower Rose
National bird/animal Goldcrest (Regulus regulus)/red lion
National sport Cycling: the one sport in which Luxembourg excels
Public holidays 1 January, Carnival (Monday before Lent), Easter Monday, 1 May, Ascension Day, Whit Monday, 23 June (National Day), 15 August, 1 November, 25 and 26 December

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Luxembourg articles

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12 of Europe’s most impressive castles

From complex histories to spectacular architecture, castles have so much to offer. 


Luxembourg: a UNESCO tour

For such a small country, Luxembourg has a far richer history and culture than you might think.  


Hopping mad

You take a step to the left... and then a step to the riight. 


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