The stunning aurora borealis shines over Héðinsfjörður.
Doin Oakenhelm, Shutterstock
Black-legged kittiwakes flock to the Látrabjarg bird cliffs to nest.
A typically colourful church on Grímsey Island, part of which is located above the Arctic Circle.
Rudolf Tepfenhart, Shutterstock
Fire and ice come together at Landmannalaugar, the traditional starting point for the extremely popular Laugavegur Trail.
Nicram Sabod, Shutterstock
The semicircular falls of Goðafoss are not only impressive for their height (12m) but also for their width (over 30m) and massive volume of cascading water.
Filip Fuxa, Shutterstock
A gait unique to Icelandic horses, tölt occurs between a trot and a canter and is remarkably smooth because there is no moment of suspension.
The most touted tour in Iceland, the ‘Golden Circle’ includes Thingvellir, Gullfoss and the geysers of Geysir.
What would Iceland be like without puffins? These irresistibly cute, highly intelligent and endlessly expressive birds are the iconic avian species of the island.
Famously known as E-16 by foreign media due to its difficult pronunciation, Eyjafjallajökull erupted in 2010 and reminded the world that Iceland can stop air traffic.
Only 10km from the southern mainland, the Vestmannaeyjar (Westmann Islands) are the youngest landscapes in Iceland.
Sunset over Vatnajökull glacier, the largest glacier in Europe and the third largest in the world.
Akureyrarkirkja has an original stained-glass window from Coventry Cathedral – the window made its way from a hay loft in the West Midlands to an antique shop in wartime London, then to Akureyri via Reykjavik.
The orca, or killer whale, is a prominent species in Iceland – the East Fjords are traditionally the best place to catch a glimpse of them.
Fields of purple lupin such as this one at Hjörleifshöfdi near Vik are beautiful but controversial – the flower is considered to be an invasive weed from Alaska despite the fact that it was introduced to stop erosion.
The eastern fjords are said to be the oldest in the country, evident in the jagged peaks that time has sharpened (younger fjords have flat-topped mountains).
Max Topchii, Shutterstock
What sets Reykjavík apart from the rest of Iceland is the presence of people, cars and trees – all rare species elsewhere in the country.
Námaskarð in Mývatn is a volcanic wonderland, with black lava fields and active mud pots giving way to young mountains and striking crater circles.
Nina B, Shutterstock
With its brightly painted antique houses and shimmering harbour surrounded by rocky ledges and outcrops, the town of Stykkishólmur on the Snæfellsnes peninsula is how you always imagined Scandinavia to be.
Traditions from its Viking past are still very much a part of modern-day Iceland – immerse yourself in this fascinating period at the living history museum at Eiríksstaðir.
The Northern Lights (norðurljós) put on a stunning bright green display above Hvalfjörður in the west of Iceland.
Iceland's largest bird is the white-tailed eagle, also known as the sea eagle or haförn – with fewer than 200 birds in the country, they are highly endangered.
A kaleidoscope of blue, white and black shimmer in the twilight at Jökulsárlón glacier lagoon alongside Vatnajökull glacier.
David Sam, VisitSouthIceland, www.south.is
A daunting place of intense beauty and extreme nature, Hornstrandir is the final peninsula that juts over the top of the West Fjords.
Bildagentur Zoonar GmbH, Shutterstock
The dramatic coastal cliffs and rock arch of Gatklettur are located near Arnastapi on the Snæfellsnes peninsula.
Santi Rodriguez, Shutterstock
Renowned for its breathtaking natural landscapes, the hidden valley of Thórsmörk, or ‘Thór’s woods’, is the confluence of hundreds of glacial streams into an immense braided swathe of interlocking rivers.
Martin M303, Shutterstock