Iceland at a glance

Reykjavík, Iceland by TTstudio,ShutterstockIceland’s capital city, Reykjavík © TTstudio,Shutterstock

Location Island in the north Atlantic, at 65°N and 18°W. Slightly east of Greenland and north of the United Kingdom.

Size 103,000km2

Geography Active volcanic zone on the Mid-Atlantic Ridge with marked glacial features. Mountainous coast with deep fjords, high interior plateaux with permanent ice cover and deserts.

Climate Temperate with cool, wet summers and windy winters. Average temperature in January −1°C, in July 15°C.

Status Republic

Population 340,000

Life expectancy 83 years

Capital Reykjavík

Other major cities Hafnarfjörður, Kópavogur, Akureyri, Keflavík

Administrative divisions Eight regions; 23 counties

People Icelander 94%; other (predominantly European) 6%

Language Icelandic

Currency Icelandic króna (ISK) (For up-to-date rates, go to the XE website.)

National airport/airline Keflavík (KEF)/Icelandair

International dialling code +354

Time GMT year-round (in summer 1 hour behind London; 4 hours ahead of New York City

Electrical voltage AC is 220V; frequency 50Hz

Flag Red Nordic cross outlined in white set upon a blue background

National anthem Ó Gúð Vors Lands (Oh God of our Land)

National flower Jöklasóley or glacier buttercup

Public holidays 1 January (New Year’s Day), April (third Thursday; first day of summer), 1 May (May Day), 17 June (Independence Day), August (first weekend; summer bank holiday), 25 December (Christmas Day)

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