Iceland at a glance
Iceland’s capital city, Reykjavík © TTstudio,Shutterstock
Location Island in the north Atlantic, at 65°N and 18°W. Slightly east of Greenland and north of the United Kingdom.
Geography Active volcanic zone on the Mid-Atlantic Ridge with marked glacial features. Mountainous coast with deep fjords, high interior plateaux with permanent ice cover and deserts.
Climate Temperate with cool, wet summers and windy winters. Average temperature in January −1°C, in July 15°C.
Life expectancy 83 years
Other major cities Hafnarfjörður, Kópavogur, Akureyri, Keflavík
Administrative divisions Eight regions; 23 counties
People Icelander 94%; other (predominantly European) 6%
Currency Icelandic króna (ISK) (For up-to-date rates, go to the XE website.)
National airport/airline Keflavík (KEF)/Icelandair
International dialling code +354
Time GMT year-round (in summer 1 hour behind London; 4 hours ahead of New York City
Electrical voltage AC is 220V; frequency 50Hz
Flag Red Nordic cross outlined in white set upon a blue background
National anthem Ó Gúð Vors Lands (Oh God of our Land)
National flower Jöklasóley or glacier buttercup
Public holidays 1 January (New Year’s Day), April (third Thursday; first day of summer), 1 May (May Day), 17 June (Independence Day), August (first weekend; summer bank holiday), 25 December (Christmas Day)