Iceland - At a glance

Iceland at a glanceAurora borealis shines above Hvalfjörður, Iceland by VisitWestIceland,

Location Island in the north Atlantic, at 65°N and 18°W. Slightly east of Greenland and north of the United Kingdom.

Size 103,000 km2

Geography Active volcanic zone on the Mid-Atlantic Ridge with marked glacial features. Mountainous coast with deep fjords, high interior plateaux with permanent ice cover and deserts.

Climate Temperate with cool, wet summers and windy winters. Average temperature in January -1°C, in July 15°C.  

Status Republic

Population 309,672

Life expectancy 80.3 years

Capital Reykjavík

Other major cities Hafnarfjörður, Kópavogur, Akureyri, Keflavík

Administrative divisions Eight regions; 23 counties

People Icelander 92%; other (predominantly European) 8%

Language Icelandic

Currency Icelandic króna (ISK)

Exchange rates US$1 = 115 ISK; £1 = 155 ISK; €1 = 195 ISK (July 2014); for up-to-date rates, go to

National airport/airline Keflavík (KEF)/Icelandair

International dialling code +354

Time GMT year round (in summer one hour behind London; four hours ahead of New York City)

Electrical voltage AC is 220V; frequency 50Hz

Flag Red Nordic cross outlined in white set upon a blue background       

National anthem Ó Gúð Vors Lands (Oh God of our Land)

National flower Jöklasóley or glacier buttercup

Public holidays 1 January (New Year’s Day), April (third Thursday; first day of summer), 1 May (May Day), 17 June (Independence Day), August (first weekend; summer bank holiday), 25 December (Christmas Day)

(Photo: Aurora borealis shines above Hvalfjörður in the west of Iceland © VisitWestIceland,

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