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Iceland - At a glance
Iceland at a glance
Location Island in the north Atlantic, at 65°N and 18°W. Slightly east of Greenland and north of the United Kingdom.
Size 103,000 km2
Geography Active volcanic zone on the Mid-Atlantic Ridge with marked glacial features. Mountainous coast with deep fjords, high interior plateaux with permanent ice cover and deserts.
Climate Temperate with cool, wet summers and windy winters. Average temperature in January -1°C, in July 15°C.
Life expectancy 80.3 years
Other major cities Hafnarfjörður, Kópavogur, Akureyri, Keflavík
Administrative divisions Eight regions; 23 counties
People Icelander 92%; other (predominantly European) 8%
Currency Icelandic króna (ISK)
Exchange rates US$1 = 115 ISK; £1 = 155 ISK; €1 = 195 ISK (July 2014); for up-to-date rates, go to www.xe.com.
National airport/airline Keflavík (KEF)/Icelandair
International dialling code +354
Time GMT year round (in summer one hour behind London; four hours ahead of New York City)
Electrical voltage AC is 220V; frequency 50Hz
Flag Red Nordic cross outlined in white set upon a blue background
National anthem Ó Gúð Vors Lands (Oh God of our Land)
National flower Jöklasóley or glacier buttercup
Public holidays 1 January (New Year’s Day), April (third Thursday; first day of summer), 1 May (May Day), 17 June (Independence Day), August (first weekend; summer bank holiday), 25 December (Christmas Day)
(Photo: Aurora borealis shines above Hvalfjörður in the west of Iceland © VisitWestIceland, www.west.is)