Georgia - At a glance


Gelati, Georgia by joyfull, ShutterstockGelati is one of the the country's most famous monasteries © joyfull, Shutterstock

Georgia at a glance

Location Transcaucasia, between the Black and Caspian seas, bordering the Russian Federation, Turkey, Armenia and Azerbaijan. Tbilisi, the capital, is (by rail) 3,214km from Moscow, 374km from Yerevan and 549km from Baku; 350km from the Black Sea; and 4½ hours’ flight from London

Area 69,700km²

Population 3.74 million, of whom roughly 84% are ethnically Georgian, 6% Armenian, 6% Azeri, 1.5% Russian and 2.5% other groups

Government Presidential-parliamentary republic

Major towns Tbilisi (population 1.4 million), Kutaisi (193,000), Rustavi (120,000), Batumi (124,000), Zugdidi (76,000), Gori (50,000)

Administrative divisions Two autonomous republics (Abkhazia and Adjara), ten regions or mkhare (Kakheti, Kvemo Kartli, Shida Kartli – containing the former autonomous region of South Ossetia – Mtskheta-Mtianeti, Samtskhe- Javakheti, Imereti, Racha-Lechkhumi, Samegrelo, Zemo Svaneti and Guria). Of these, Abkhazia and South Ossetia have seceded.

Currency Lari (abbreviated GEL), divided into 100 tetri (for up-to-date rates, go to the XE website)

Language Georgian, a member of the Caucasian group of languages; Russian widely spoken

Alphabet Georgian, devised in the 4th or 5th century

Religion 70% Georgian Orthodox; Muslims, Jews and other Christian sects also present

Weights and measures Metric system

Electricity 220V 50Hz (in theory), with two-prong European-standard plugs

National flag Saint George’s cross (red on white), with a red cross in each quarter

Back to the top 

Georgia articles

View all

The Best Monasteries in Europe

From stunning landscapes to sites of historical and cultural importance, monasteries provide a wealth of interest for the avid traveller. Here is our selection of the six best monasteries in Europe.

Read more...

What not to miss in Tbilisi

Boasting a delightful old town, a handful of Soviet relics and a vibrant alternative arts scene, Tbilisi is a city of contrasts, and one worth exploring. 

Read more...

Five reasons to visit Georgia

Although one of Europe’s lesser-known countries, Georgia is also one of its most captivating. 

Read more...

Related guides and other books

View all