North Cyprus - At a glance

North Cyprus at a glance

Location Island in the Mediterranean Sea, south of Turkey

Neighbouring countries Republic of Cyprus (land border); Turkey, 65km to the north; Syria, 100km to the east; and Egypt, 400km to the south (approx)

Size 224km long x 96km wide

Climate Mediterranean with hot, dry summers and cool winters

Population 264,000 (2006 census)

Capital Lefkoşa (Nicosia)

Main towns Girne (Kyrenia), Gazimağusa (Famagusta)

Economy Services-based (tourism, education)

GDP US$12,800 (income per capita, 2010)

Languages Turkish (English widely spoken)

Religion No offi cial religion; 98% of the population is Muslim

Currency Turkish lira (TL) (for up-to-date rates, go to

International telephone code +90 392

Time End of March to mid-September, GMT+3; winter, GMT+2

Electrical voltage 220–240 volts AC, UK-style 3-pin plug in general use

Weights and measures Metric

Flag The Turkish Cypriot fl ag has a horizontal red stripe at the top andbottom between which is a red crescent and red star on a white field

National anthem İstiklâl Marşı ‘The March of Independence’ (shared with Turkey)

Public holidays 1 January, 23 April, 1 May, 19 May, 20 July, 1 August, 30 August, 29 October, 15 November.

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North Cyprus articles

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