Bulgaria - At a glance

Bulgaria at a glance

Location Southeast Europe
Neighbouring countries Romania, Turkey, Greece, Macedonia and Serbia
Size 110,910km²
Climate Temperate: cold, damp winters; hot, dry summers
Status Republic
Population 7.265 million in 2013
Life expectancy 78 for women, 71 for men in 2013
Capital Sofia (population 1.4 million in 2013)
Other main towns Plovdiv, Varna, Burgas, Ruse, Veliko Turnovo
GDP US$53.01 billion in 2013
Official language Bulgarian
Religion Bulgarian Orthodox (81%), Muslim (12%), others (7%)
Currency Leva, divided into 100 stotinki (for up-to-date exchange rates, see www.xe.com)
National airline Bulgaria Air
Airports Sofia, Varna, Burgas and Plovdiv
International telephone code +359
Time GMT+2 and BST+2
Electrical voltage 220V
Weights and measures Metric
Flag A rectangle divided horizontally into three colours, of equal size, white, green and red from top to bottom
National anthem Mila rodino
National flower Rose
National sports Football, basketball, volleyball
Public holidays 1 January (New Year’s Day), 3 March (National Day of Liberation), Easter, 1 May (Labour Day), 6 May (Sv Georgi Day – Day of Valour and Bulgarian Army), 24 May (Sv Sv Kiril and Metodii Day – Day of Slavonic Culture and Literacy), 6 September (The Unification of Bulgaria), 22 September (Independence Day), 24–26 December (Christmas)

Back to the top

Bulgaria articles

View all

12 of Europe’s most impressive castles

From complex histories to spectacular architecture, castles have so much to offer. 


13 European national parks that you’ve probably never heard of

There are many national parks in Europe that remain fairly unknown. Here you can discover 13 of the best. Why miss out on visiting somewhere spectacular? 


Where to go in June

From scenic drives to rose festivals, here's our pick of where to go in June.


Related guides and other books

View all