Albania - At a glance

Albania at a glance

Location Balkan peninsula

Neighbouring countries Montenegro, Kosova, Macedonia, Greece

Area 28,748km²

Climate Mediterranean

System of government Parliamentary democracy

Head of state President, elected by parliament every five years

Population 2,800,138 (2011 census)

Birth rate 1.5 children per woman of reproductive age; 12.73 births per 1,000 population (2014 estimate)

Life expectancy Males 75.33 years; females 80.86 years (2014 estimate)

Population growth rate 0.3% (2014 estimate)

Capital city Tirana (Tiranë)

GDP per capita €3,312 (2012)

GDP purchasing power parity (ppp) US$23.34 billion (2013 estimate; the grey economy may account for as much as 50% of offi cial GDP)

GDP real growth rate +1.62% (2012)

Official language Albanian

Alphabet Roman

Currency Lek (for up-to-date rates go to

International telephone code +355

Electrical voltage 220V (in theory)

Weights and measures Metric

National anthem Himni i Flamurit (The Flag Hymn), composed in 1880

National flag Black double-headed eagle on red background

National holidays 1 January, 1 May, 28 November (see page 51 for other public holidays)

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