Albania - At a glance


Lake, Lura National Park, Albania by Markussep, Wikimedia CommonsOne of the Lura National Park's seven beautiful lakes © Markussep, Wikimedia Commons

Albania at a glance

Location Balkan peninsula

Neighbouring countries Montenegro, Kosova, Macedonia, Greece

Area 28,748km²

Climate Mediterranean

System of government Parliamentary democracy

Head of state President, elected by parliament every five years

Population 2,876,591 (2017 estimate)

Birth rate 11 births per 1,000 population (2016)

Life expectancy Males 77 years; females 80.1 years (2016)

Population growth rate 0.3% (2014 estimate)

Capital city Tirana (Tiranë)

GDP per capita €3,547 (2015 estimate)

Official language Albanian

Alphabet Roman

Currency Lek, for up-to-date rates, go to the XE website.

International telephone code +355

Time zone GMT +1

Electrical voltage 220V

Weights and measures Metric

National anthem Himni i Flamurit (The Flag Hymn), written by Asdreni in 1880

National flag Black double-headed eagle on red background

National holidays 1 January, 1 May, 28 November

Back to the top

Albania articles

View all

Alternative summer beach destinations

Branch out from the same overcrowded summer destinations with our guide to the best alternative beach holidays. 

Read more...

Alternative amphitheatres

We've all heard of the Colosseum, but what about Caesarea?

Read more...

The world’s best Roman sites (outside Rome)

Rome may have been the epicentre of the Roman Empire, but the reach of this vast civilisation was far greater than just the Italian capital.

Read more...

Related books

View all