Argentina - At a glance

Wild guacanos, Los Glaciares National Park, Argentina by sunsinger, ShutterstockArgentina at a glance

Location Southeast section of South America, lying between 21° 40’ and 55°, 18’ south and 53° 38’ and 73° 25’ west. Argentina shares borders with Chile along the western length of the country, Bolivia to the north, and Paraguay, Brazil and Uruguay to the northeast. To the east is the Atlantic Ocean.

Size 2.8 million km² (excluding the South Atlantic Islands and the Antarctic quadrant claimed as national territory)

Climate In the temperate zone of the southern hemisphere: six distinct climatic areas ranging from subtropical in the north to arid in the southeast; mild and humid in the pampas plains to sub-Antarctic in southern Patagonia. Average temperature from November to March is 23°C and from June to September 12°C.

Time GMT–3. Argentina does not observe daylight saving.

(Photo: WIld guacanos, Los Glaciares National Park © sunsinger, Shutterstock)

Electricity 220V, 50Hz. Plugs are either two rounded prongs or three angled flat prongs.

Weights and measures Metric

International telephone code +54

Status Republic

Currency Peso; for up-to-date rates, go to

Population 41.3m (July 2010 est, CIA World Factbook); 40.2m (2009 est, World Bank)

Population growth per year 1.036% (2010 est, CIA World Factbook)

Life expectancy in years at birth 75 (2009, World Bank); 72 (men), 80 (women) (UNDP, 2010–15); 76.76 (2010, CIA World Factbook)

Economy Agriculture and ranching (6% of the labour force): cattle, sheep, maize, soya, wheat, wine, cotton, sugar, tea. Industry (32%): mining, mainly of boron followed by tin, tungsten, cement, iron ore, gold, silver, lead, uranium, and zinc; petroleum and natural gas production falls short of domestic need. Services sector (62%)

Capital Buenos Aires (population: 15.2 million)

Main cities Buenos Aires, Bahía Blanca, Bariloche, Mar del Plata, Córdoba, Mendoza, Salta, Rosario, Santa Fe, La Plata, Tucumán

Language Spanish (Castellano)

Religion Roman Catholic 92% (less than 20% practising); Protestant 2%; Jewish 2%; other 4%

Flag Three horizontal stripes: white between two blue stripes. The government and military version has a yellow sun with a smiling face in the centre known as the ‘Sun of May’.

Public holidays 1 January (New Year’s Day), February/March (Carnival), February/March (Wine Harvest Festival), March/April (Good Friday and Easter), 2 April (Veterans’ Day and tribute to the fallen in the Malvinas War), 1 May (Labour Day), 8 May (Día del Virgén de Luján), 25 May (Revolución de Mayo), third Monday in June (National Flag Day), 9 July (Día de la Independencia), 17 August (Día de San Martín), 12 October (Columbus Day), 10 November (Day of Traditional Culture), 8 December (Day of the Immaculate Conception), 25 December (Christmas Day)

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