Northumberland - The Tyne Valley & North Pennine fringes


Durham at night Northumberland England uk by Dave Head Shutterstock
Durham at night © Dave Head, Shutterstock

The North Pennine fringes are characterised by wooded gorges, flower-filled meadows and a pastoral landscape reminiscent of the Yorkshire Dales.

From Carlisle to Newcastle, road, river and railway ribbon across the neck of England through a wide, fertile valley with fields, pockets of woodland and a scattering of farms and settlements hunkered down by the water’s edge. Hexham and Corbridge are the most prominent and visited market towns on the River Tyne.

From Haltwhistle, the South Tyne hurries eastwards past ruined castles, manor houses and historic market towns on its way to meet the North Tyne near Hexham. Here, the two rivers become one, forming the River Tyne for the final run through Newcastle and on to the coast. The countryside is not remote and neither is it dramatic, but there is much beauty in this broad-sided valley that is filled with light owing to the relative flatness of the land.

Mining and industrial production over the last few hundred years greatly changed the character and fortunes of settlements in the Tyne Valley and North Pennines. These industries expanded with the aid of the railways in the 19th century and towns and villages grew as a result. Many places, particularly along the Tyne corridor, have retained their characterful uniform terraces of sandstone and brick, village greens and stone bridges.

Visitors who wander into the North Pennines hills which stretch across the southernmost flank of Northumberland and into Durham, will discover some of the region’s most remote and beautiful upland scenery. Heather becomes increasingly dominant as you gain altitude, and, from some moors, you can see all the way into Scotland. For the most part, however, the North Pennine fringes are characterised by wooded gorges, flower-filled meadows and a pastoral landscape reminiscent of the Yorkshire Dales with dry stone walls criss-crossing farmland. Our route from Alston to the source of the Tyne shows off some of the best of the scenery.

Back to the top

Northumberland articles

View all

England’s most unusual events

From cheese rolling to worm charming and just about everything in between, England has its fair share of unusual events.

Read more...

Slow days out for the family

Looking for something to entertain the children over the holidays? Here are some of our favourite family-friendly days out in England.

Read more...

Our favourite cycle routes in England

Want to explore England on two wheels? Here are our favourite cycling routes from around the country. 

Read more...

Related guides and other books

View all