Uzbekistan at a glance

Location Landlocked in the heart of central Asia

Neighbouring countries Afghanistan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and Turkmenistan

Area 447,400km2 (172,700 square miles)

Climate Extreme continental

Status Republic

Population 32.59 million (November 2018)

Life expectancy 72.3 years (male 69.7, female 75.0)

Capital Tashkent (population 2.5 million)

Other main towns Andijan, Bukhara, Nukus, Samarkand

Major exports Cotton, jute, minerals (notably copper, lead, zinc, tungsten, uranium and gold), chemicals, fertiliser, leather and natural gas

GDP (PPP) US$222.3 billion; GDP (PPP) per capita US$7,000 (2017)

Official language Uzbek. Russian and Tajik are also widely used.

Religion Islam (90% of the population), Russian Orthodox

Currency Uzbek som (UZS)

National airline Uzbekistan Airways

International telephone code +998

Time UTC (GMT) +5

Electric voltage 220AC (50Hz)

Weights and measures Metric

Flag Three horizontal stripes of light blue, white and green, with thin red stripes in between each colour. There is a crescent moon and 12 stars in the top left-hand corner.

National anthem ‘O’zbekiston Respublikasining Davlat Madhiyasi’ (Opening lines: ‘My sunny free land, happiness and salvation to your people, You are a warmhearted companion to your friends!)

National sports Kupkari (a game played between two teams, using a goat’s carcass to score points), kurash (traditional wrestling), football, judo, boxing and tae kwon do

Public holidays 1–2 January (New Year’s Day), 14 January (Day of Defenders of the Motherland), 8 March (International Women’s Day), 21 March (Navruz, the Persian New Year), 9 May (Remembrance Day), 1 September (Independence Day), 1 October (Teachers’ Day), 8 December (Constitution Day)

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