Uzbekistan - At a glance

Uzbekistan at a glance

Location Landlocked in the heart of central Asia

Neighbouring countries Afghanistan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and Turkmenistan

Area 447,400km2

Climate Extreme continental

Status Republic

Population 29.2 million (July 2015)

Life expectancy 72.5 years

Capital Tashkent (population 2.5 million)

Other main towns Andijan, Bukhara, Nukus, Samarkand

Major exports Cotton, jute, minerals (notably copper, lead, zinc, tung, uranium and gold), chemicals, fertiliser, leather and natural gas

GDP (PPP) US$105.41 billion; GDP (PPP) per capita US$3,536 (2013 estimate)

Official language Uzbek; Russian and Tajik are also widely used.

Religion Islam (90% of the population), Russian Orthodox

Currency Uzbek som (UZS) (for up-to-date official rates, go to

National airline Uzbekistan Airways

International telephone code +998

Time UTC (GMT) +5

Electric voltage 220AC (50Hz)

Weights and measures Metric

Flag Three vertical stripes of light blue, white and green, with thin red stripes in between each colour. There is a crescent moon and 12 stars in the top lefthand corner.

National anthem ‘O’zbekiston Respublikasining Davlat Madhiyasi’

National sports Kupkari (a game played between two teams, using a goat’s carcass to score points), kurash (traditional wrestling), football, judo, boxing and tae kwon do

Public holidays 1–2 January (New Year’s Day), 14 January (Day of Defenders of the Motherland), 8 March (International Women’s Day), 21 March (Navruz, the Persian New Year), 9 May (Remembrance Day), 1 September (Independence Day), 1 October (Teachers’ Day), 8 December (Constitution Day)

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