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Uzbekistan - At a glance
Uzbekistan at a glance
Location Landlocked in the heart of central Asia
Neighbouring countries Afghanistan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and Turkmenistan
Climate Extreme continental
Population 29.2 million (July 2015)
Life expectancy 72.5 years
Capital Tashkent (population 2.5 million)
Other main towns Andijan, Bukhara, Nukus, Samarkand
Major exports Cotton, jute, minerals (notably copper, lead, zinc, tung, uranium and gold), chemicals, fertiliser, leather and natural gas
GDP (PPP) US$105.41 billion; GDP (PPP) per capita US$3,536 (2013 estimate)
Official language Uzbek; Russian and Tajik are also widely used.
Religion Islam (90% of the population), Russian Orthodox
Currency Uzbek som (UZS) (for up-to-date official rates, go to www.xe.com)
National airline Uzbekistan Airways
International telephone code +998
Time UTC (GMT) +5
Electric voltage 220AC (50Hz)
Weights and measures Metric
Flag Three vertical stripes of light blue, white and green, with thin red stripes in between each colour. There is a crescent moon and 12 stars in the top lefthand corner.
National anthem ‘O’zbekiston Respublikasining Davlat Madhiyasi’
National sports Kupkari (a game played between two teams, using a goat’s carcass to score points), kurash (traditional wrestling), football, judo, boxing and tae kwon do
Public holidays 1–2 January (New Year’s Day), 14 January (Day of Defenders of the Motherland), 8 March (International Women’s Day), 21 March (Navruz, the Persian New Year), 9 May (Remembrance Day), 1 September (Independence Day), 1 October (Teachers’ Day), 8 December (Constitution Day)