Tajikistan - At a glance

Tajikistan at a glanceTajik children in traditional dress, Tajikistan by httpfoto.tjsiteauthor368, Wikipedia

Location Landlocked country in heart of central Asia

Neighbouring countries Afghanistan, China, Kyrgyzstan and Uzbekistan

Area 143,100km² (55,251 square miles)

Climate Continental, subtropical and semi-arid with some desert areas

Status Republic

Population 7.91 million (2013)

Life expectancy 65 years for men, 70 years for women

Capital Dushanbe (population c600,000)

Other main towns Khorog, Khujand and Kulob

Main exports Aluminium, cotton and foodstuffs

GDP (PPP) US$17.42 billion (2012), GDP (PPP) US$2,300 (2012)

(Photo: Tajik children in traditional dress © httpfoto.tjsiteauthor368, Wikipedia)

Official languages Tajik and Russian

Religion 90% Muslim (85% Sunni, 5% Ismaili), 10% Russian Orthodox and other minorities

Currency Tajik Somoni (TJS); for up-to-date rates, go to www.xe.com.

National airline Tajik Air

International dialling code +992

Time UTC+5

Electric voltage 220V, round two-pin plugs

Weights and measures Metric

Flag Horizontal stripes of red, white and green with a golden crown and stars

National anthem ‘Surudi Milli’

National sports Wrestling, judo, football and buz kashi

Public holidays 1 January (New Year’s Day), 8 March (International Women’s Day), 21–23 March (Navruz), 1 May (International Labour Day), 9 May (Victory Day), 27 June (National Unity Day), 9 September (Independence Day), 6 November (Constitution Day)

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Tajikistan articles

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The world’s greatest roads

Steep mountain switchbacks and classic coastal routes – these really are the best roads in the world. 


Dead goat polo

Authors Sophie and Max Lovell-Hoare describe the popular and brutal game of buz kashi, famously known as dead goat polo.


The Yagnobi

Our authors discuss the last remaining speakers of the ancient Sogdian language.


Related guides and other books

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