Kyrgyzstan at a glance

Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan by Laurence MitchellKyrgyzstan’s capital, Bishkek, has an estimated population of around 960,000 people © Laurence Mitchell

Official name Kyrgyz Republic

Location Landlocked in central Asia, bordered by Kazakhstan to the north, China to the east and southeast, Uzbekistan to the west and Tajikistan to the southwest

Size/area 199,900km² (about the same as England, Wales and Scotland combined or Nebraska, USA)

Climate Dry continental to polar (Tien Shan); subtropical in the southwest (Fergana Valley); temperate in northern foothill zone

Status Republic headed by president, government headed by prime minister

Head of state President Sooronbay Jeenbekov

Head of government Prime Minister Muhammetkaliy Abulgaziyev

Independence Declared from Soviet Union on 31 August 1991

Population Approximately 6.13 million (2018 estimate); Kyrgyz 73.0%, Uzbeks 14.6%, Russians 6.0%, others 6.4%

Life expectancy Male 67 years, female 75 years (2014 estimate)

Capital Bishkek, estimated population about 960,000

Other main towns Osh, Naryn, Jalal-Abad, Karakol, Talas, Tokmok, Kara-Balta, Balykchy

Economy Livestock, agriculture, mining, hydro-electric energy, recycled metal, tourism

GDP (PPP, 2017 estimate) US$22.6 billion, equivalent to US$3,653 per capita per annum

Languages Official languages are Kyrgyz and Russian; also Uzbek, Uyghur, Dungan and others

Adult literacy rate Claimed to be 99.5% (2015 estimate)

Religion Sunni Islam, Orthodox Christian, animistic beliefs

Ethnic diversity Kyrgyz dominate in the north with Russians, other Slavs and Dungans forming sizeable minorities; many Uzbeks in the south form the majority in some regions

Currency Kyrgyz som; US$1 = 68som, €1 = 78som, £1 = 90som (July 2018)

International telephone code 996

Time GMT+5

Electrical voltage 220V, 50Hz, standard two-pin round-prong plug

Flag Red with a yellow tunduk (yurt roof piece) in centre surrounded by a 40-rayed sun

Coat of arms Rising sun over mountain and lake within the wings of a spread eagle

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