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Kazakhstan - At a glance
Kazakhstan is brimming with stunning mosques, such as here in Oskemen © 3DMart, Shutterstock
Kazakhstan at a glance
Location The northern part of central Asia, at the heart of the Eurasian landmass
Neighbouring countries Russia, China, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan
Climate Extreme continental
Population Approximately 18 million (2017)
Life expectancy (average) 70 years (2016)
Capital Nur-Sultan (population approximately 973,000)
Other main towns Almaty, Karaganda, Shymkent, Pavlodar, Taraz, Oskemen
Major exports Oil and gas, a wide range of minerals (including copper, lead, zinc, chromium, uranium, gold), steel, wheat
GDP (PPP) Approximately US$136 billion (2016); GDP (PPP) per capita approximately US$7,000
Official language Kazakh. Russian also recognised as the ‘language of interethnic communication’.
Religion (Sunni) Islam predominates, with a large Russian Orthodox minority
Currency Tenge (T)
Exchange rate £1 = T448; US$1 = T319; €1 = T393 (April 2018)
National airline Air Astana
International telephone code +7
Time UTC (GMT) +5 in the western regions of Atyrau, Mangistau, West Kazakhstan and Aktobe; UTC +6 in the rest of Kazakhstan
Electrical voltage 220V AC (50Hz)
Weights and measures Metric
Flag A golden sun in the centre, beneath which flies a golden steppe eagle, against a sky blue background. A golden pattern running down the left-hand side represents artistic forms associated with the Kazakh Khanate. Adopted 1992.
National anthem ‘Menin Kazakhstanym’ (‘My Kazakhstan’)
National sports Football, ice hockey, boxing, wrestling, weightlifting, cycling, gymnastics and chess are all popular. Traditional games on horseback, such as kokpar, played with a goat’s carcass, are being encouraged.
Public holidays 1–2 January (New Year); 7 January (Russian Orthodox Christmas); 8 March (International Women’s Day); 22 March (Nauryz spring holiday); 1 May (Kazakhstan People’s Unity Day); 9 May (Victory Day); 30 August (Constitution Day); 25 October (Republic Day); 16 December (Independence Day); Islamic Festival of Kurban Ait (dates determined by lunar calendar)