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Ladakh, Jammu and the Kashmir Valley - At a glance
Ladakh, Jammu & the Kashmir Valley at a glance
Location Jammu & Kashmir (J&K) is a state of India located mostly in the Himalayan mountains. International border with China in the north and east; the Line of Control (LoC) separates it from Pakistani-controlled territories in the west and northwest.
Area 222,236km2 (85,806 square miles)
Climate Varies from subtropical to mountain desert depending on altitude
Population 12.54 million (2019)
Life expectancy 70.9 (male), 74.9 (female)
Capital Jammu (winter), Srinagar (summer); Ladakh: Leh
Other main towns Kargil, Leh
Main exports Agricultural produce, handicrafts
GDP US$25 billion (2018–19 estimate)
Official language Urdu. English, Hindi, Ladakhi and Kashmiri are also widely spoken.
Religions Islam, Hinduism, Buddhism
Currency Indian rupee (Rs); for up-to-date rates, go to www.xe.com.
National airline Air India
International dialling code +91
Time GMT + 5½ hours
Electric voltage 220v
Weights and measures Metric
Flag Orange, white and green horizontal stripes with a chakra in the centre
National anthem ‘Jana Gana Mana’
Major sports Hockey and ice hockey, polo, water sports, skiing
Public holidays* 26 January (Republic Day), 21 February (Maha Shivaratri), 9 March (Holi), 1 April (Bank Holiday), 14 April (Dr Ambedkar Jayanti), 30 April (Buddha Purnima), 21 May (Jumat-ul-Wida), 23 May (Eid al Fitr), 30 July (Eid al Zuha), 11 August (Janmashtami) 15 August (Independence Day), 21 August (Muharram), 30 September (Bank Holiday), 2 October (Mahatma Gandhi’s Birthday), 25 October (Dussehra), 14 November (Diwali), 30 November (Guru Nanak Jayanti), 25 December (Christmas Day)
* These dates are correct for 2020. As some of the religious festivals are calculated according to the lunar calendar, dates will change from year to year.