Kashmir - At a glance


Jammu and Kashmir at a glance

Boats on Dal Lake, Kashmir, India, Asia by filmlandscape, Shutterstock

Location A state of India located mostly in the Himalayan Mountains. International border with China in the north and east; the Line of Control separates it from Pakistani-controlled territories in the west and northwest.

Area 222,236km2 (85,806 square miles)

Climate Varies from subtropical to mountain desert depending on altitude

Population est. 13m (2013)

Life expectancy 65.8 (male), 68.1 (female)

Capital Jammu (winter), Srinagar (summer)

Other main towns Kargil, Leh

Main exports Agricultural produce, handicrafts

GDP US$12.6 billion (2012–13)

Official language Urdu. English, Hindi, Ladakhi and Kashmiri are also widely spoken.

Religions Islam, Hinduism, Buddhism

Currency Indian rupee (Rs); for up-to-date rates, go to www.xe.com.

National airline Air India

International dialling code +91

Time GMT + 5½ hours

Electric voltage 240v

Weights and measures Metric

Flag Orange, white and green horizontal stripes with a chakra in the centre

National anthem ‘Jana Gana Mana’

Major sports Hockey and ice hockey, polo, water sports, skiing

Public holidays* 26 January (Republic Day), 27 February (Maha Shivaratri), 17 March (Holi), 1 April (Bank Holiday), 14 April (Dr Ambedkar Jayanti), 14 May (Buddha Purnima), 25 July (Jumat-ul-Wida), 29 July (Eid al Fitr), 15 August (Independence Day), 18 August (Janmashtami), 30 September (Bank Holiday), 2 October (Mahatma Gandhi’s Birthday), 4 October (Dussehra), 6 October (Eid al Zuha), 23 October (Diwali), 4 November (Muharram), 6 November (Guru Nanak Jayanti), 25 December (Christmas Day)

* These dates are correct for 2014. As some of the religious festivals are calculated according to the lunar calendar, dates will change from year to year.

(Photo: Srinagar’s legendary houseboats, the beautifully carved cedar wood structures that float romantically on the lively Dal Lake © filmlandscape, Shutterstock)

Back to the top

Kashmir articles

View all

The Mughal Gardens

According to authors Sophie and Max Lovell-Hoare, the Mughal Gardens are far more than just collections of plants.

Read more...

The Chadar Winter Trek

Sophie and Max Lovell-Hoare describe the challenging and beautiful six-day hike in sub-zero temperatures along the frozen Zanskar River. 

Read more...

Buddhism in Ladakh and Zanskar

Sophie and Max Lovell-Hoare discuss the history of Buddhism in Ladakh and Zanskar and its legacy today. With thanks to Tanzin Norbu (www.mountaintribalvision.com).

Read more...

Related guides and other books

View all