Zambia at a glance
Location Landlocked in the tropics at the northern edge of the region referred to as ‘southern Africa’
Climate December–April hot and wet, with torrential downpours in the afternoon; May–August dry, and fairly cool; September–November dry, but progressively hotter.
Population 13,046,508 (2010), 15.02 million (2015 estimate, World Bank)
Population growth per year 3% (2014 est)
Life expectancy at birth 58 years (2013, World Bank)
Capital Lusaka (provincial population 2,191,225, 2010; city population 1.8 million)
Other main towns Livingstone, Kitwe, Ndola, Kabwe
Economy Minerals (principally copper and cobalt), agriculture, hydroelectricity, tourism
Natural resources Copper, cobalt, gemstones
GDP US$27.97 billion (2014, World Bank)
GDP growth rate 6% (2014, World Bank)
Currency Kwacha (K) (for up-to-date exchange rates, go to www.xe.com)
Language English, numerous ethnic languages
Religion Christianity, Islam, indigenous beliefs
International telephone code +260
Time GMT +2
Electricity 220V, delivered at 50Hz; British-style plugs with three square pins
Weights and measures Metric
Flag Bright green background; panel lower right of three vertical bands of red, black and orange, surmounted by orange eagle in flight.
Motto ‘One Zambia, One Nation’
Public holidays 1 January, Youth Day (March), Good Friday, Holy Saturday, 1 May, 25 May, Heroes’ Day (July), Unity Day (July), Farmers’ Day (August), Independence Day (end October), 25–6 December.
Tourist board www.zambiatourism.com