Zambia - At a glance


Zambia at a glance

Location Landlocked in the tropics at the northern edge of the region referred to as ‘southern Africa’

Size 752,610km²

Climate December–April hot and wet, with torrential downpours in the afternoon; May–August dry, and fairly cool; September–November dry, but progressively hotter.

Status Republic

Population 13,046,508 (2010), 15.02 million (2015 estimate, World Bank)

Population growth per year 3% (2014 est)

Life expectancy at birth 58 years (2013, World Bank)

Capital Lusaka (provincial population 2,191,225, 2010; city population 1.8 million)

Other main towns Livingstone, Kitwe, Ndola, Kabwe

Economy Minerals (principally copper and cobalt), agriculture, hydroelectricity, tourism

Natural resources Copper, cobalt, gemstones

GDP US$27.97 billion (2014, World Bank)

GDP growth rate 6% (2014, World Bank)

Currency Kwacha (K) (for up-to-date exchange rates, go to www.xe.com)

Language English, numerous ethnic languages

Religion Christianity, Islam, indigenous beliefs

International telephone code +260

Time GMT +2

Electricity 220V, delivered at 50Hz; British-style plugs with three square pins

Weights and measures Metric

Flag Bright green background; panel lower right of three vertical bands of red, black and orange, surmounted by orange eagle in flight.

Motto ‘One Zambia, One Nation’

Public holidays 1 January, Youth Day (March), Good Friday, Holy Saturday, 1 May, 25 May, Heroes’ Day (July), Unity Day (July), Farmers’ Day (August), Independence Day (end October), 25–6 December.

Tourist board www.zambiatourism.com

Back to the top


Zambia articles

View all

The best places to see lions

Are you a fan of the king of the cats? These are the best places in Africa to see lions. 

Read more...

Africa’s unsung national parks

Away from the conveyor belt crowds being funneled through some of the more famous parks, these are the destinations that we think will offer you the very best safari experiences in 2017.

Read more...

Zambia: away from the safari

What does Zambia offer its visitors when they're on the downtime from their safaris?

Read more...

Related guides and other books

View all