Sipi Falls

Sipi Falls in Mount Elgon National Park Uganda by Pecold Shutterstock© Pecold, Shutterstock

On the slopes of Mount Elgon, this series of charming waterfalls present excellent walking trails as well as fantastic views.

Elgon’s main tourist focus is the small trading centre of Sipi, which lies at an altitude of 1,775m on the mountain’s northeastern footslopes, only 45km from Mbale along a good surfaced road. The village overlooks the 99m-high Sipi Falls, the last in a series of three pretty waterfalls formed by the Sipi River as it cascades downhill from the upper slopes of Mount Elgon into the Kyoga Basin. Serviced by half a dozen resorts and lodges that collectively cater to most tastes and budgets, Sipi is a very peaceful and pretty spot, and it makes a most agreeable base for gentle day walks in the surrounding hills, which offer spectacular views to the lowlands further west and – weather permitting – occasional glimpses of the Elgon peaks.

The most popular walking trail, only 20 minutes in each direction, leads from behind the post office in Sipi trading centre to the base of the main waterfall. If you choose, you can continue along this trail for another 20 to 30 minutes to reach a cluster of caves on the cliff above the river. The largest of these caves extends for about 125m into the rock face, and contains rich mineral salt deposits that have clearly been worked extensively at sometime in the past, as well as traces of petrified wood. Walking back to the trading centre from the caves along the main road, you’ll pass the top of the main waterfall, as well as an important local shrine set within a small forest-fringed cavern.

More ambitiously, it is possible to undertake a day hike from the main waterfall to the three smaller falls that lie upstream, one of which has a tempting swimming pool at its base.

It is more-or-less mandatory to take a guide on any walks to the waterfalls or on other local hikes and coffee tours. This is not only to help you locate some of the sites, but also because the flat guiding fees include a contribution to local landowners for access to each of the falls. The going rate is around US$5–10 per person depending on the duration of the walk and where you arrange it.

Back to the top

Uganda articles

View all

The best places to see chimpanzees

Want to catch a glimpse of our closest genetic relatives? Here's where to head.


East Africa’s best wildlife spots

Our pick of the best national parks to visit in Tanzania, Kenya, Uganda and Rwanda. 


Forests of the world

Covering even more of the world than our guidebooks, forests are ubiquitous but almost always different. We take a look at some of our favourites from across the continents.


Related books

View all