Uganda at a glance
Area 235,796km² (91,041 square miles), similar to Great Britain or the state of Oregon
Location Equatorial Africa between latitudes 4°12’Nand 1°29’ S and longitudes 29°35’ W and 25°E. Bordered by Rwanda (169km) and Tanzania (396km) to the south, Kenya (933km) to the east, South Sudan (435km) to the north and the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) for 765km to the west.
Altitude 85% of the country lies between 900m and 1,500m above sea level. The lowest region is the Lake Albert basin (620m) and the Albert Nile. The highest point is Mount Stanley (Rwenzori) at 5,109m.
Population 45 million (2019 estimate), 17.5% urban. Previously 35 million (2014 census), 28 million (2002), 16.7 million (1991), 12.6 million (1980), 9.5 million (1969), 6.5 million (1959), 5 million (1940), 3.5 million (1931), 2.9 million (1921) and 2.5 million (1911).
Capital Kampala (population 2 million, 2019 estimate)
Other major towns Towns with populations of more than 100,000 include Kira, Mbarara, Mukono, Gulu, Hoima, Masaka, Kasese, Lira and Mbale
Language English, the official language, is spoken by most reasonably educated Ugandans. Among the country’s 33 indigenous languages, Luganda is the closest to being a lingua franca.
Religion Christian (85%), Islam (12%), also some Hindu and Jewish, while tribes such as the Karamojong adhere to a traditional animist faith
Currency Uganda shilling
Head of State President Yoweri Museveni (since 1986)
Time zone GMT+3
International dial code +256 (Kampala: 414)
Electricity 240 volts at 50Hz
Mineral resources Copper, cobalt, limestone, salt, alluvial gold, oil
Major exports Coffee, fish, tea, tobacco
Other crops Bananas, maize, millet, sorghum, cotton, rice, cassava, groundnuts, potatoes
GDP US$27 billion in 2017, with a recent annual growth rate of around 6%
Human development Average life expectancy 62.5 years; under-five mortality rate 4.9%; adult (age 15–49) HIV/AIDS prevalence 7.3% (estimate); primary school completion 51%; secondary school enrolment 25%; adult literacy 78%; access to safe water 66%; access to electricity 18%
Land use Arable land 25%; agriculture 9%; pasture 9%; forest and woodland 28%; open water 18%; marsh 4%; other 7%
National flag Two sets of black, yellow and red horizontal stripes, with a white central circle around the national bird, the grey crowned crane
Oh! Uganda, May God uphold thee, We lay our future in thy hand,
United, free, for liberty, Together, We always stand.
Oh! Uganda the land of freedom, Our love and labour we give,
And with neighbours all at our country’s call, In peace and friendship we’ll live.
Oh! Uganda the land that feeds us, By sun and fertile soil grown,
For our own dear land we’ll always stand, The Pearl of Africa’s crown