Zanzibar - At a glance

Zanzibar at a glance

Islands Zanzibar Island (Unguja), Pemba Island, and surrounding islands

Location About 40km off the coast of East Africa, in the Indian Ocean, about 6°S of Equator

Size Zanzibar 1,660km², Pemba 985km²

Climate Wet season mid March to end May; short rains November; rest of year generally dry. Average temperature 26–28°C

Status Separate state within United Republic of Tanzania, governed by Revolutionary Council and House of Representatives

Population 1,303,569 (2012 census)

Life expectancy 58 (men); 62 (women)

Main town Zanzibar Town, population 223,033 (2012)

Economy Fishing, agriculture, tourism

Languages Swahili (official), also Arabic

Religion Islam

Currency Tanzanian shilling (TSh) (For up-to-date rates, go to

International telephone code +255

Time GMT +3

Electrical voltage 230v 50Hz; round or square three-pin ‘British-style’ plugs

Weights and measures Metric

Flag The new flag, inaugurated in 2005, consists of three horizontal stripes in blue, black and green, and features an inset of the United Republic of Tanzania flag.

National anthem ‘Mungu ibariki Afrika’ (God Bless Africa)

Public holidays 1 January, 12 January, 7 April, 26 April, 1 May, 7 July, 8 August, 14 October, 9 December, 25 December, 26 December

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