Tanzania at a glance

Location East Africa, between 1° and 11°45’S, and 29°20′ and 40°35’E 

Size 945,166km²

Climate Tropical along coast; temperate in the highlands

Status Republic

Ruling party Chama Cha Mapinduzi (CCM)

President John Magufuli

Population 52 million (2012 estimate)

Life expectancy 51.45

Capital Dodoma; 350,000 (2012 estimate)

Largest city Dar es Salaam; three million (2012 estimate)

Major exports Coffee, cotton, cashew nuts, sisal, tobacco, tea, diamonds, gold

Languages KiSwahili and English; over 100 regional variations

Religion 30–45% Muslim, 30–40% Christian, 15–30% traditional or other beliefs

Currency Tanzanian shilling (Tsh) (For up-to-date rates, go to www.xe.com)

International telephone code +255

Time GMT + 3 hours

Electrical voltage 230v (60Hz). Round or square three-pin British-style

Weights and measures Metric

Flag Blue and green, with diagonal black-and-yellow stripe

Public holidays 1 January, 12 January, 7 April, 26 April, 1 May, 7 July, 8 August, 14 October, 9 December, 25–26 December. 

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