Tanzania - At a glance

Tanzania at a glance

Location East Africa, between 1° and 11°45'S, and 29°20' and 40°35'E 

Size 945,166km²

Climate Tropical along coast; temperate in the highlands

Status Republic

Ruling party Chama Cha Mapinduzi (CCM)

President John Magufuli

Population 52 million (2012 estimate)

Life expectancy 51.45

Capital Dodoma; 350,000 (2012 estimate)

Largest city Dar es Salaam; three million (2012 estimate)

Major exports Coffee, cotton, cashew nuts, sisal, tobacco, tea, diamonds, gold

Languages KiSwahili and English; over 100 regional variations

Religion 30–45% Muslim, 30–40% Christian, 15–30% traditional or other beliefs

Currency Tanzanian shilling (Tsh) (For up-to-date rates, go to www.xe.com)

International telephone code +255

Time GMT + 3 hours

Electrical voltage 230v (60Hz). Round or square three-pin British-style

Weights and measures Metric

Flag Blue and green, with diagonal black-and-yellow stripe

Public holidays 1 January, 12 January, 7 April, 26 April, 1 May, 7 July, 8 August, 14 October, 9 December, 25–26 December. 

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Tanzania articles

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The Maasai

Find out more about the Maasai, one of Africa's most famous pastoral tribes.


Tanzania: beyond the safari

It's not just wildlife fanatics who love Tanzania – there's plenty to occupy beach lovers and culture vultures, too.


The Great Migration

The annual migration of millions of wildebeest, zebra and gazelle across Tanzania's Serengeti Plains is the greatest wildlife spectacle of its type in Africa.


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