Tanzania - At a glance

Tanzania at a glance

Location East Africa, between 1° and 11°45'S, and 29°20' and 40°35'E 

Size 945,166km²

Climate Tropical along coast; temperate in the highlands

Status Republic

Ruling party Chama Cha Mapinduzi (CCM)

President John Magufuli

Population 52 million (2012 estimate)

Life expectancy 51.45

Capital Dodoma; 350,000 (2012 estimate)

Largest city Dar es Salaam; three million (2012 estimate)

Major exports Coffee, cotton, cashew nuts, sisal, tobacco, tea, diamonds, gold

Languages KiSwahili and English; over 100 regional variations

Religion 30–45% Muslim, 30–40% Christian, 15–30% traditional or other beliefs

Currency Tanzanian shilling (Tsh) (For up-to-date rates, go to www.xe.com)

International telephone code +255

Time GMT + 3 hours

Electrical voltage 230v (60Hz). Round or square three-pin British-style

Weights and measures Metric

Flag Blue and green, with diagonal black-and-yellow stripe

Public holidays 1 January, 12 January, 7 April, 26 April, 1 May, 7 July, 8 August, 14 October, 9 December, 25–26 December. 

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Tanzania articles

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The world’s greatest safari experiences

From hot-air balloons to canoe trips, we pick our favourite safaris to enjoy across the world.


The best places to see lions

Are you a fan of the king of the cats? These are the best places in Africa to see lions. 


East Africa’s best wildlife spots

Our pick of the best national parks to visit in Tanzania, Kenya, Uganda and Rwanda. 


Related guides and other books

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