Sudan at a glance

Location On the upper east coast of Africa, lying just south of Egypt next to the Red Sea

Neighbouring countries Egypt, Libya, Chad, Uganda, Central African Republic, South Sudan, Ethiopia and Eritrea

Area 1,861,484km2

Climate Tropical. Rainy season begins in July.

Status Republic

Population 31 million (2012)

Life expectancy 55.4 years

Capital Khartoum (population approximately 5 million)

Other main towns Omdurman, Port Sudan, Kassala and El Obeid

Main exports Oil and petroleum products, livestock, foodstuffs and cotton

GDP (PPP) US$93.760 billion, GDP (PPP) per capita US$2,700 (2014 estimates)

Official languages Arabic and English

Religion 97% of Sudanese are Muslim. The balance of the population is Christian or follows indigenous faiths.

Currency Sudanese pound (SDG) (for up-to-date rates, go to        

National airline Sudan Airways

International dialling code +249

Time UTC (GMT) +3

Electric voltage 220V, round two-pin plugs

Weights and measures Metric

Flag Three vertical stripes of red, white and black with a green equilateral triangle on the left-hand side

National anthem ‘Nahnu Jund Allah Jund Al-watan’ (We are the army of God and of our land)

National sports Athletics, football, handball, basketball and volleyball

Public holidays 1 January (Independence Day); 7 January (Coptic Christmas); 26 February (Birth of the Prophet); 30 June (Revolution Day); 25 December (Christmas Day). The dates of Coptic Easter, Eid and Islamic New Year vary.

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