South Sudan - At a glance


Sunset on the White Nile by Hannah Bryce

Please note There has been a serious deterioration in security in South Sudan since these pages were compiled, and some of the practical information here will now be out of date. In particular, many areas are currently not safe to travel. You are advised to contact your embassy and local agents prior to travelling. 

South Sudan at a glance

Location Landlocked country in the northeastern part of central Africa

Neighbouring countries Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of Congo, Ethiopia, Kenya, Republic of Sudan and Uganda

Area 644,329km2

Climate Tropical. Rainy season lasts from May until October.

Status Republic

Population 11.09 million (July 2013)

Life expectancy 62 years (men); 61.5 years (women)

Capital Juba (population c400,000)

Other main towns Aweil, Bor, Malakal, Wau and Yei

Main exports Oil and petroleum products, timber, metals (including gold and silver) and foodstuff s

GDP (PPP) GDP (PPP) US$10.62b; per capital US$1,000 (2013 estimate)

Official languages English. Juba Arabic and Dinka are also widely spoken.

Religion Christianity, Islam and traditional beliefs

Currency South Sudanese Pound (SSP), pegged to the Sudanese Pound (SDG) (for up-to-date rates, go to www.xe.com)

National airline Proposed but not yet established

International dialling code +211 (but +249 also still in use)

Time UTC (GMT) +3. South Sudan is on Eastern Africa Time (EAT); it makes no adjustments for daylight saving.

Electric voltage 230V (50 cycles AC), round two-pin plugs

Weights and measures Metric

Flag Five horizontal stripes with a blue triangle and a gold, five-pointed star

National anthem South Sudan Oyee!

National sports Football and basketball

Public holidays 1 January (Independence Day), 9 January (Peace Agreement Day), 16 May (SPLA Day), 30 July (Martyrs’ Day), 1 December (World AIDS Day), 5 December (Constitution Anniversary) and 25 December (Christmas Day)

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South Sudan articles

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The Toposa

Our authors Sophie and Max Lovell-Hoare tell the story of a tribe shrouded in legend. 

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Ramciel: A new capital for South Sudan?

Our authors explore whether the South Sudanese government is right to pitch the settlement of Ramciel as a site for their new capital.

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Dr John Garang

Our authors Sophie and Max recount the trials and tribulations of South Sudan’s rebellious founding father.

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