São Tomé and Príncipe - At a glance


São Tomé & Príncipe at a glance

Children playing in Praia Abade in Príncipe, São Tomé and Príncipe by Marco Muscarà, www.marcomuscara.com

Islands Two main islands: São Tomé and Príncipe; inhabited Ilhéu das Rolas (straddling the Equator), and several uninhabited islets: Ilhéu das Cabras, Ilhéu de Santana, Ilhas Tinhosas, Ilhéu de Caroço

Location Atlantic Ocean, approx 250km off the West African coast; the two main islands are about 150km apart

Size 1,001km² (São Tomé 854km², Príncipe 142km², Ilhéu das Rolas 3km², plus small uninhabited islets)

Status Independent republic

Government Multi-party democracy; semi-presidential system

Population 190,000 (estimated 2014): Creole, Cape Verdean/Angolan descent, Angolan, mixed-race

Life expectancy 65.3 years (2012)

Capital São Tomé, on São Tomé island (population c70,000)

Economy Cocoa, tourism, coconuts

Religion Roman Catholic (56%), other (20%), no religion (21%) (2012)

Currency São Tomean Dobra (STD);  for up-to-date rates, go to www.xe.com.

International telephone code +239

Time GMT

Electricity supply 220V round, European two-pin sockets

Flag Two black stars on three horizontal bands of green–yellow–green and a red isosceles triangle on the left

Public holidays: 1 January, 3 February, 1 May, 12 July, 6 September, 30 September, 26 November, 21 December, 25 December

(Photo: Children playing in Praia Abade, Príncipe © Marco Muscarà, www.marcomuscara.com)

Back to the top

São Tomé and Príncipe articles

View all

Five unusual destinations for coffee lovers

From Colombia to Kosovo, we pick some of our favourite lesser-known places to enjoy a good cup of coffee. 

Read more...

The world’s remotest islands

Want to get really off grid? Check out our favourite remarkable remote islands from around the world. 

Read more...

7 of the best places for chocolate lovers

Why not celebrate World Chocolate Day by paying a visit to one of these fantastic destinations? 

Read more...

Related guides and other books

View all