São Tomé and Príncipe - At a glance

São Tomé & Príncipe at a glance

Children playing in Praia Abade in Príncipe, São Tomé and Príncipe by Marco Muscarà, www.marcomuscara.com

Islands Two main islands: São Tomé and Príncipe; inhabited Ilhéu das Rolas (straddling the Equator), and several uninhabited islets: Ilhéu das Cabras, Ilhéu de Santana, Ilhas Tinhosas, Ilhéu de Caroço

Location Atlantic Ocean, approx 250km off the West African coast; the two main islands are about 150km apart

Size 1,001km² (São Tomé 854km², Príncipe 142km², Ilhéu das Rolas 3km², plus small uninhabited islets)

Status Independent republic

Government Multi-party democracy; semi-presidential system

Population 190,000 (estimated 2014): Creole, Cape Verdean/Angolan descent, Angolan, mixed-race

Life expectancy 65.3 years (2012)

Capital São Tomé, on São Tomé island (population c70,000)

Economy Cocoa, tourism, coconuts

Religion Roman Catholic (56%), other (20%), no religion (21%) (2012)

Currency São Tomean Dobra (STD);  for up-to-date rates, go to www.xe.com.

International telephone code +239

Time GMT

Electricity supply 220V round, European two-pin sockets

Flag Two black stars on three horizontal bands of green–yellow–green and a red isosceles triangle on the left

Public holidays: 1 January, 3 February, 1 May, 12 July, 6 September, 30 September, 26 November, 21 December, 25 December

(Photo: Children playing in Praia Abade, Príncipe © Marco Muscarà, www.marcomuscara.com)

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