Namibia - At a glance

Namibia at a glance

Location Southwest Africa, astride the Tropic of Capricorn and beside the South Atlantic Ocean. Its main borders are with South Africa, Botswana and Angola, though it also adjoins Zambia

Size 824,292km²

Climate Subtropical desert climate

Status Republic

Population 2,533,794 (2017 UN data estimate)

Population growth per year 2.1% (2015–20, UN data estimate)

Life expectancy at birth 64 years (2016 World Bank estimate)

Population density 3.1 per km² (2016 UN data estimate)

Capital Windhoek, population 368,000 (2016 UN data estimate)

Other main towns Swakopmund, Walvis Bay, Rundu, Oshakati, Katima Mulilo

Economy Major earners: mining, including uranium, diamonds and other minerals; agriculture; tourism

GDP US$5,588 per capita (2014 UN data estimate)

GDP growth rate 4.5% (2014 UN data estimate)

Currency Namibian dollar (N$), equivalent to (and interchangeable with) South African rand. For up-to-date exchange rates, go to

Language English (official), Afrikaans, German, several ethnic languages (most in Bantu and Khoisan language groups)

Religion Christianity; traditional beliefs

International telephone code +264

Time GMT +2

Electricity 220 volts, plugs with three round pins, as in South Africa

Weights and measures Metric

Flag Diagonal red stripe bordered by narrow white stripes separates two triangles: one green; one blue with a yellow sun motif

Public holidays New Year’s Day (1 January), Independence Day (21 March), Good Friday, Easter Monday, Workers’ Day (1 May), Cassinga Day (4 May), Africa Day (25 May), Ascension Day (40 days after Easter Sunday), Heroes’ Day (26 August), Human Rights Day (10 December), Christmas Day (25 December), Family Day (26 December)

Tourist information

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Namibia articles

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Something unexpected in the desert

German-Namibian artist Max Siedentopf has created an art installation he believes will keep one select song playing forever and ever. 


Land shipwrecks in Namibia

Nick Molloy gives us the lowdown on Namibia's famous Skeleton Coast, where the shipwrecks leave you with no doubt as to the inspiration behind its name.  


Five reasons to visit Namibia

From ancient engravings and ghost towns to silvery saltpans and untrammelled desert, Namibia is a land of bewitching variety.


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