Namibia - At a glance

Namibia at a glance

Location Southwest Africa, astride the Tropic of Capricorn and beside the South Atlantic Ocean. Its main borders are with South Africa, Botswana and Angola, though it also adjoins Zambia.

Size 824,292km2

Climate Subtropical desert climate

Status Republic

Population 2,113,077 (2011 census)

Population growth per year 1.7% (2010–2015 UN stats estimate)

Life expectancy at birth 63 years (2011 UN stats estimate)

Capital Windhoek, population 352,858 (2011 census)

Other main towns Swakopmund, Walvis Bay, Rundu, Oshakati, Lüderitz

Economy Major earners: mining, including uranium, diamonds and other minerals; agriculture; tourism

GDP US$5,439 per capita (2011 UN stats estimate)

GDP growth rate 3.6% (2011 UN stats estimate)

Currency Namibian dollar (N$), equivalent to (and interchangeable with) South African rand

Rate of exchange £1 = N$17.24; US$1 = N$11.48, €1 = N$12.94 (January 2015; for up-to-date exchange rates, see

Language English (official), Afrikaans, German, several ethnic languages (most in Bantu and Khoisan language groups)

Religion Christianity; traditional beliefs

International telephone code +264

Time Apr–Sep GMT +1, Sep–Mar GMT +2 (except the Zambezi Region, formerly the Caprivi Strip: GMT +2 all year)

Electricity 220 volts, plugs with three round pins, as in South Africa

Weights and measures Metric

Flag Diagonal red stripe bordered by narrow white stripes separates two triangles: one green; one blue with a yellow sun motif.

Public holidays New Year’s Day (1 January), Independence Day (21 March), Good Friday, Easter Monday, Workers’ Day (1 May), Cassinga Day (4 May), Africa Day (25 May), Ascension Day (40 days after Easter Sunday), Heroes’ Day (26 August), Human Rights Day (10 December), Christmas Day (25 December), Family Day (26 December)

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