Ghana at a glance

Location Western Africa, on the Gulf of Guinea

Neighbouring countries Bordered to the west by Ivory Coast (Côte d’Ivoire), to the north by Burkina Faso, to the east by Togo and to the south by the Atlantic Ocean

Size/area 239,460km² – roughly equal to Great Britain or the state of Oregon, USA

Climate Tropical. Hot and humid in the south; hot and dry in the north

Status Republic; member of the Commonwealth; independent since 1957

Population 29.5 million (2018 estimate)

Life expectancy 63 years

Capital Accra (population 2.4 million)

Other main towns Kumasi, Tamale, Sekondi-Takoradi, Cape Coast, Obuasi, Tema

Economy Major industries include agriculture – most notably cocoa farming – bauxite and gold mining, oil production, aluminium smelting, and tourism

GDP US$129.5 billion, with a per capita GDP of US$4,492

Languages Official language is English. At least 46 African languages are spoken, with the major ones including Twi, Fante, Ewe, Ga, Dagomba and Halisa

Religion Predominantly Christian, but largely Muslim in the north

Currency Cedi (GHC) (1 cedi = 100 pesewa). For up-to-date rates, go to

Main airport Kotoka International Airport, Accra (ACC)

International telephone code +233

Time GMT

Electrical voltage 200/220V

Flag Horizontal stripes in red, yellow, and green (top to bottom), with a black star in the centre

National anthem ‘God Bless our Homeland, Ghana’

Public holidays 1 January, 6 March, 1 May, 25 May, 1 July, 21 September, first Friday in December, 25 December, 26 December 

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