Ghana - At a glance

Ghana at a glance

Location Western Africa, on the Gulf of Guinea

Neighbouring countries Bordered to the west by Côte d’Ivoire (Ivory Coast), to the north by Burkina Faso, to the east by Togo and to the south by the Atlantic Ocean

Size/area 239,460km² – roughly equal to Great Britain or the state of Oregon, USA

Climate Tropical. Hot and humid in the south; hot and dry in the north.

Status Republic; member of the Commonwealth; independent since 1957.

Population 28 million (2016 estimate)

Life expectancy 66 years

Capital Accra (population 2.3 million)

Other main towns Kumasi, Tamale, Sekondi-Takoradi, Cape Coast, Obuasi, Tema

Economy Major industries include agriculture – most notably cocoa farming – bauxite and gold mining, aluminium smelting and tourism

GDP US$113.3 billion, with a per capita GDP of US$4,300

Languages Offi cial language is English. At least 46 African languages are spoken, with the major ones including Twi, Fante, Ewe, Ga, Dagomba and Halisa.

Religion Predominantly Christian, but largely Muslim in the north

Currency Cedi (GHC) (1 cedi = 100 pesewa). For up-to-date rates, go to

Main airport Kotoka International Airport, Accra (ACC)

International telephone code +233

Time GMT

Electrical voltage 200/220V

Flag Horizontal stripes in red, yellow, and green (top to bottom), with a black star in the centre

National anthem ‘God Bless our Homeland, Ghana’

Public holidays 1 January, 6 March, 1 May, 25 May, 1 July, 21 September, first Friday in December, 25 December, 26 December

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Ghana articles

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On the road in Ghana with Dave Coles

To celebrate Ghana being our destination of the month, photographer Dave Coles took over our Instagram to share some of his photos and stories from his time in the country.


Six reasons to visit Ghana

Get up close with rare birds along Africa's oldest canopy walkway, visit one of the traditional kente craft villages of the south or marvel at the magnificent architecture along the Gold Coast. 


The road to ruin

Abandoned cities, crumbling stelaes, slave trade relicts – Africa really does have some remarkable ruins. 


Related guides and other books

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