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Ghana - At a glance
Ghana at a glance
Location Western Africa, on the Gulf of Guinea
Neighbouring countries Bordered to the west by Côte d’Ivoire (Ivory Coast), to the north by Burkina Faso, to the east by Togo and to the south by the Atlantic Ocean
Size/area 239,460km² – roughly equal to Great Britain or the state of Oregon, USA
Climate Tropical. Hot and humid in the south; hot and dry in the north.
Status Republic; member of the Commonwealth; independent since 1957.
Population 28 million (2016 estimate)
Life expectancy 66 years
Capital Accra (population 2.3 million)
Other main towns Kumasi, Tamale, Sekondi-Takoradi, Cape Coast, Obuasi, Tema
Economy Major industries include agriculture – most notably cocoa farming – bauxite and gold mining, aluminium smelting and tourism
GDP US$113.3 billion, with a per capita GDP of US$4,300
Languages Offi cial language is English. At least 46 African languages are spoken, with the major ones including Twi, Fante, Ewe, Ga, Dagomba and Halisa.
Religion Predominantly Christian, but largely Muslim in the north
Currency Cedi (GHC) (1 cedi = 100 pesewa). For up-to-date rates, go to www.xe.com.
Main airport Kotoka International Airport, Accra (ACC)
International telephone code +233
Electrical voltage 200/220V
Flag Horizontal stripes in red, yellow, and green (top to bottom), with a black star in the centre
National anthem ‘God Bless our Homeland, Ghana’
Public holidays 1 January, 6 March, 1 May, 25 May, 1 July, 21 September, first Friday in December, 25 December, 26 December