The Gambia at a glance

Banjul, The Gambia by Ariadne Van ZandbergenA view over Banjul, The Gambia’s capital city © Ariadne Van Zandbergen, Africa Image Library 

Location West Africa

Neighbouring country Bordered by Senegal on all sides except for its short Atlantic coastline 

Size 11,295km² (4,361 square miles)

Climate Dry mid-October to early June; rainy mid-June to early October

Status Federal republic

Population 2.11 million (2017 estimate). Annual growth rate of 3%.

Capital Banjul (2017 population, 35,000)

Economy Major earners are agriculture, trade and tourism

GDP US$9.39 billion (2015)

Gross National Income per capita US$1,580 (2014)

Language Official language English. Local languages include Mandinka, Wolof, Jola and Fula

Religion 90% Muslim, 10% Christian, <1% follow traditional religions such as animism

Currency Gambian dalasi (100 bututs per dalasi). (For up-to-date rates, go to the XE website.)

International telephone code +220

Time GMT

Electricity Three-pin plug, 220–240 volts

Weights and measures Metric and imperial, as in the UK

Public holidays 1 January, 18 February, 1 May, 25 May, 22 July, 15 August, 25 December as well as the movable religious holidays including Koriteh, Tobaski, Milad an-Nabi, Good Friday and Easter Monday

Flag Three horizontal stripes – red, blue and green from top to bottom, each colour separated by a narrow white stripe

National anthem For The Gambia our Homeland

National motto ‘Progress, Peace and Prosperity’

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