The Gambia - At a glance

The Gambia at a glanceSandele beach, The Gambia by Marco Muscarà,

Location West Africa

Neighbouring country Bordered by Senegal on all sides except for its short Atlantic coastline

Size 11,295km2 (4,361 square miles)

Climate Dry mid-October to early June; rainy mid-June to early October

Status Federal republic

Population 1.9 million (2013 estimate). Annual growth rate of 3.2%

Capital Banjul (2013 population 32,000)

Economy Major earners are agriculture, trade and tourism

GDP US$9.12 billion (2012)

Gross National Income per capita US$1,860 (2012)

Language Official language English. Local languages include Mandinka, Wolof, Jola and Fula

(Photo: The beautiful, tree-lined Sandele beach © Marco Muscarà,

Religion 90% Muslim, 10% Christian, <1% follow traditional religions such as animism

Currency Gambian dalasi (100 bututs per dalasi); for up-to-date rates, go to

International telephone code +220

Time GMT

Electricity 220–240 volts

Weights and measures Metric and imperial, as in the UK

Public holidays 1 January, 18 February, 1 May, 25 May, 22 July, 15 August, 25 December

Flag Three horizontal stripes – red, blue and green from top to bottom, each colour separated by a narrow white stripe

National anthem For The Gambia our Homeland

National motto ‘Progress, Peace and Prosperity’

Children in Georgetown, The Gambia by Marco Muscarà,

Children in Georgetown © Marco Muscarà,

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