Gabon - At a glance

Gabon at a glance

Location West coast of Central Africa
Neighbouring countries Republic of the Congo, Cameroon and Equatorial Guinea
Size 267,670km2
Climate Tropical; always hot and humid
Capital Libreville
Provinces Estuaire, Moyen-Ogooué, Ngounié, Ogooué-Maritime, Nyanga, Woleu-Ntem, Ogooué-Ivindo, Haut-Ogooué and Ogooué-Lolo
Main towns Port-Gentil and Franceville
Status Republic; multi-party presidential regime
Population 2.1 million (2018)
Urbanisation 89.5% (2018)
Life expectancy 68 (2018)
Languages French (official language) and some 40 African languages, including Fang, Myènè, Nzebi, Bapounou, Eshira, and Bandjabi
Ethnic diversity 80% of the population is Gabonese-born, among which the largest groups are Fang (23.2%), Shira-Punu/Vili (18.9%), Nzabi-Duma
(11.3%), Mbede-Teke (6.9%), Myènè (5%), Kota-Kele (4.9%) and Okande-Tsogo (2.1%)
Religion Largest denominations are Roman Catholic (42.3%), Protestant (12.3%), other Christian beliefs (27.4%) and Muslim (9.8%)
Currency CFA franc. For up-to-date rates, go to
GDP US$36.66 billion (2017); GDP per capita US$18,100 (2018); GDP growth 0.5% (2017)
Poverty 34.3% living below the poverty line (2015)
Inflation 2.7% (2017)
Independence 17 August 1960 (from France)
Flag Three horizontal stripes: green, yellow and blue
Time GMT +1
International telephone code +241
Internet top-level domain .ga
Electrical voltage 220V
Weights and measures Metric
Public holidays 1 January, 12 March, Easter, 1 May, Pentecost weekend, 17 August, 19 August, 1 November, 25 December

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Gabon articles

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Africa’s best beaches

Whether you prefer surfing, scuba-diving or just sunbathing, discover the ideal African beach for you. 


Traditional arts: statues and masks

Author Annelies Hickendorff explores the unique features and religious background of Gabon’s famous mask and statue art.


Forest-based communities

Gabon’s indigenous forest-based communities, the so-called ‘Pygmies’, are located throughout the country and continue to face discrimination, as author Annelies Hickendorff explains. 


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