Gabon - At a glance


Gabon at a glance

Location West coast of Central Africa

Neighbouring countries Republic of the Congo, Cameroon and Equatorial Guinea

Size 267,670km²

Climate Tropical; always hot and humid

Capital Libreville

Provinces Estuaire, Middle Ogooué, Ngounié, Ogooué Maritime, Nyanga, Woleu-Ntem, Ogooué-Ivindo, Haut-Ogooué and Ogooué-Lolo

Main towns Port Gentil and Franceville

Status Republic; multi-party presidential regime

President Ali Bongo Ondimba

Population 1.7 million (2013)

Urbanisation 86.5%

Life expectancy 63.1 years (2013)

Languages French (official language) and some 40 African languages (mostly Bantu)

Ethnic diversity Divisions around 40 Bantu groups, including the Fang, Eshira, Bapounou and Batéké

Religion Christian (5575%), animist and Muslim (less than 1%)

Currency CFA franc; for up-to-date exchange rates, go to www.xe.com.

GDP US$18.38 billion (2012); GDP per capita US$12,521 (2012); GDP growth 6.3% (2013)

Poverty People living below poverty line of US$2 a day 20% (2012); multidimensional poverty count 35% (2012)

Inflation 2.7% (2012)

Independence 17 August 1960 (from France)

Flag Horizontal stripes, green, yellow and blue

Time GMT +1

International telephone code +241

Internet country code .ga

Electrical voltage 220V

Public holidays 1 January, 12 March, Easter, 1 May, Pentecost weekend, 17 August, 19 August, 1 November, 25 December

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Gabon articles

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Traditional arts: statues and masks

Author Annelies Hickendorff explores the unique features and religious background of Gabon’s famous mask and statue art.

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Forest-based communities

Gabon’s indigenous forest-based communities, the so-called ‘Pygmies’, are located throughout the country and continue to face discrimination, as author Annelies Hickendorff explains. 

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Bwiti

Author Annelies Hickendorff describes the traditional beliefs and practices of Bwiti, the most widespread male secret society in Gabon.

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Related guides and other books

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