Gabon - At a glance


Gabon at a glance

Location West coast of Central Africa

Neighbouring countries Republic of the Congo, Cameroon and Equatorial Guinea

Size 267,670km2

Climate Tropical; always hot and humid

Capital Libreville

Provinces Estuaire, Moyen-Ogooué, Ngounié, Ogooué-Maritime, Nyanga, Woleu-Ntem, Ogooué-Ivindo, Haut-Ogooué and Ogooué-Lolo

Main towns Port-Gentil and Franceville

Status Republic; multi-party presidential regime

Population 2.1 million (2018)

Urbanisation 89.5% (2018)

Life expectancy 68 (2018)

Languages French (official language) and some 40 African languages, including Fang, Myènè, Nzebi, Bapounou, Eshira, and Bandjabi

Ethnic diversity 80% of the population is Gabonese-born, among which the largest groups are Fang (23.2%), Shira-Punu/Vili (18.9%), Nzabi-Duma(11.3%), Mbede-Teke (6.9%), Myènè (5%), Kota-Kele (4.9%) and Okande-Tsogo (2.1%)

Religion Largest denominations are Roman Catholic (42.3%), Protestant (12.3%), other Christian beliefs (27.4%) and Muslim (9.8%)

Currency CFA franc

GDP US$36.66 billion (2017); GDP per capita US$18,100 (2018); GDP growth 0.5% (2017)

Poverty 34.3% living below the poverty line (2015)

Inflation 2.7% (2017)

Independence 17 August 1960 (from France)

Flag Three horizontal stripes: green, yellow and blue

Time GMT +1

International telephone code +241

Internet top-level domain .ga

Electrical voltage 220V

Weights and measures Metric

Public holidays 1 January, 12 March, Easter, 1 May, Pentecost weekend, 17 August, 19 August, 1 November, 25 December

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Gabon articles

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The best wildlife opportunities in Gabon

The vast majority of Gabon's tourists to date have come to see the country's magnificent wildlife. Who can blame them when all of this is on offer?

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Gabon: beyond the wildlife

Although Gabon is renowned for its incredible wildlife, the country has so much more to offer its visitors. From colourful canyons to ancient rock engravings – here's our pick of the best.

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Five reasons to visit Gabon

Fancy a trip to paradise? Here are five reasons why little-visited Gabon should be next on your travel list.

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