Ethiopia at a glance

Location Horn of Africa bordering Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Eritrea, Kenya and Djibouti
Size 1,104,300km2; the tenth-largest country in Africa
Climate Varies by region, from temperate highlands to hot lowland desert
Status Federal republic
Population 108 million (2018 estimate)
Life expectancy 65 years
Capital Addis Ababa, population 4 million
Federal region capitals Dire Dawa (city-state), Adama (Oromia), Mekele (Tigray), Bahir Dar (Amhara), Hawassa (SNNPR), Harar (Harari), Semera (Afar), Jijiga (Somali), Assosa (Benishangul-Gumuz), Gambella (Gambella)
Economy Subsistence agriculture, coffee, khat, horticulture, mining, tourism
GDP US$750 per capita (estimate)
Languages Official language Amharigna (Amharic); Oromifa and English are most widely spoken
Religion Main religions are Ethiopian Orthodox Christianity, Islam and Protestant Christianity
Currency Birr; for up-to-date exchange rates see
National airline/airport Ethiopian Airlines/Bole International Airport
International telephone code +251
Time GMT +3
Electric voltage 220V current alternating at 50Hz. Plug standards vary; most common are the Type C (European 2-pin) and Type L (Italian 3-pin).
Weights and measures Metric
Flag Horizontal bands of green at the top, yellow in the centre and red at the base. In the middle of this is a symbol representing the sun – a yellow pentagram from which emanate several yellow rays.
National anthem ‘March Forward, Dear Mother Ethiopia’
National holiday 28 May, Downfall of the Derg

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