Ethiopia - At a glance

Ethiopia at a glance

Location Horn of Africa bordering Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Eritrea, Kenya and Djbouti

Size 1,104,300km²; the tenth-largest country in Africa

Climate Varies by region, from temperate highlands to hot lowland desert

Status Federal republic

Population Between 95 million and 100 million (2015 estimate)

Life expectancy 64 years

Capital Addis Ababa, population 4 million

Federal region capitals Dire Dawa (city-state), Adama (Oromia), Mekele (Tigrai), Bahir Dar (Amhara), Hawassa (SNNPR), Harar (Harari), Semera (Afar), Jijiga (Somali), Assosa (Benishangul-Gumuz), Gambella (Gambella)

Economy Subsistence agriculture, coffee, khat, horticulture, mining, tourism

GDP US$1,000 per capita (estimate)

Languages Official language Amharigna (Amharic); Oromifa and English are most widely spoken

Religion Main religions are Ethiopian Orthodox Christianity, Islam and Protestant Christianity

Currency Birr (for up-to-date exchange rates, go to

National airline/airport Ethiopian Airlines/Bole International Airport

International telephone code +251

Time GMT +3

Electric voltage 220V current alternating at 50Hz. Plug standards vary; most common are the Type C (European two-pin) and Type L (Italian three-pin).

Weights and measures Metric

Flag Horizontal bands of green at the top, yellow in the centre and red at the base. In the middle of this is a symbol representing the sun – a yellow pentagram from which emanate several yellow rays.

National anthem ‘March Forward, Dear Mother Ethiopia’

National holiday 28 May, Downfall of the Derg

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