Cape Verde - At a glance


Cape Verdean Women, Cape Verde

Cape Verdean women infront of a building that's been painted with the flag © Guillohmz/Dreamstime

Cape Verde at a glance

Islands Santo Antão, São Vicente, Santa Luzia (uninhabited), São Nicolau, Sal, Boavista, Maio, Santiago, Fogo, Brava

Location Atlantic Ocean, approximately 1,000km southwest of the Canary Islands, and 460km from the Senegalese coast

Size Ten islands varying in size from 35km² (Santa Luzia) to 990km² (Santiago), spread over an east–west band of 370km of ocean

Status Independent democratic republic

Government Movimento para a Democracia, or MpD

Population 527,000 (2016 United Nations estimate)

Life expectancy 73 years

Capital Praia, on Santiago (population around 131,000)

Economy Tourism an increasing earner; bananas most important export; heavy dependence on remittances and foreign aid

GDP (per capita, 2014) US$3,609

Language Officially Portuguese; everyday language is Creole (‘Kriolu’)

Religion Roman Catholic (85% of the population, estimated)

Currency Cape Verdean escudo (CVE, written as $, after the numeral) (for up-to-date rates visit the XE website)

International telephone code +238

Time GMT –1

Electricity supply 220V AC, 50Hz. Round, European two-pin sockets

Flag Blue with white and red horizontal stripes and a circle of ten yellow stars

National Anthem Cãntico da Liberdade (‘Song of Freedom’)

Public holidays 1 January, 20 January, 1 May, 5 July, 15 August, 12 September, 1 November, 25 December. Additionally, each island has its own local holidays.

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