Although seasonal flooding is the lifeblood of the Okavango Delta, between 2009 and 2011 the area experienced the biggest floods in over 20 years and this has been a tremendous boost to the area’s ecology.
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Botswana’s large mammals are typical of the savannah areas of southern Africa. The large predators are here, including the lion.
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San family groups have clearly defined territories within which they forage, called a n!ore (in the Ju/’hoansi language).
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Baobabs store water in their trunks (up to 100,000 litres) to endure harsh drought conditions in the region.
Elephant and buffalo occur in large herds that roam throughout the areas where they can find water, and elephant are a common sight in the Moremi Game Reserve.
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A boat touring down the waterways and between the islands in the Okavango Delta.
Game such as this cheetah congregate in the huge grassy valleys here, most famously in Deception Valley, when the vegetation is lush during and shortly after the rains, from about December to May.
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During the rains the Makgadikgadi Pans come to life with huge migrating herds of zebra, wildebeest, and occasionally (if the pans fill with water) pelicans and millions of flamingos.
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Between July and August, leopard are generally easier to see, as they come out more during the twilight hours.
Carmine bee eaters at their nesting site in the Okavango Delta. October is an excellent time to see these birds in all their brightly coloured glory.
The grasslands in the Okavango Delta are a vital habitat, and appear particularly lush after the rains.
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Northern Botswana has one of Africa’s three strong populations of wild dogs.
Botswana has a tremendously wide range of raptors, such the ubiquitous fish eagle, which can be seen flying above the water in search of prey.
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The beautiful lush landscape of the Okavango Delta is excellent for birdwatching.
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An elephant and calf by the waterside; the Okavango Delta is a spectacular place to see large herds of elephant.
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Cape buffalo can be seen in large herds in the Okavango Delta.
A grey lourie, also called the go-away bird, in the Savuti region.
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A yellow-billed hornbill in Chobe National Park – the vegetation here varies from the lush floodplains beside the Chobe River to the scorched area around the Ghoba Hills.
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Warthogs are remarkably common in the Moremi Game Reserve, so much so that they have become a major prey species for both lion and leopard.
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