Botswana at a glance

Antelope, Makgadikgadi Pans, Botswana by Bildagentur Zoonar GmbH, Shutterstock
Antelope in the Makgadikgadi Pans © Bildagentur Zoonar GmbH, Shutterstock

Location Southern Africa, between 20° and 30°E, and between 18° and 27°S

Size 581,730km²

Climate Subtropical. Summer (November–March): 19–35°C; winter (June–August): 5–23°C. Rainy season November–March

Status Republic

Population 2,230,905 (Statistics Botswana, 2016 estimate)

Population growth per year 1.8% (World Bank, 2016 estimate)

Life expectancy at birth 64.5 years (UNDP, 2016) 

Infant mortality 34.8/1,000 live births (UNDP, 2016 )

Capital Gaborone, population 257,993 (Statistics Botswana, 2016 estimate)

Other main towns Francistown, Lobatse, Selebi-Phikwe, Orapa

Economy Major earners: diamonds, tourism, nickel, beef

GNI US$6,610 per capita (World Bank, 2016)             

GDP growth rate 2.9% (Bank of Botswana, 2016)

Currency Pula (BWP, abbreviated to P) (for up-to-date rates, go to the XE website)

Language English (official), Setswana (national), Shona, other local languages

Religion Christianity, traditional beliefs

International telephone code +267

Time GMT +2

Electricity 220 volts

Weights and measures Metric

Flag Broad, light-blue horizontal stripes, divided by black central stripe bordered by narrow white stripes

National anthem Fatshe leno la rona: ‘Blessed be this noble land’

Public holidays 1–2 January, Good Friday, Easter Monday, 1 May (Labour Day), Ascension Day, 1 July (Sir Seretse Khama Day), third Monday and Tuesday in July (President’s Day), 30 September (Botswana Day), first Monday in October, 25–26 December

Tourist board Botswana Tourism Organistion

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