Botswana - At a glance

Botswana at a glanceYellow-billed hornbill, Chobe National Park, Botswana by JMS Splash Photography, Shutterstock

Location Southern Africa, between 20° and 30°E, and between 18° and 27°S

Size 581,730km²

Climate Subtropical. Summer (November–March): 19–35°C; winter (June– August): 5–23°C. Rainy season November–March

Status Republic

Population 2,024,904 (2011 census)

Population growth per year 1.9% (2011)

Life expectancy at birth 55 years (CIA World Factbook 2012)

Infant mortality 20/1,000 live births (World Bank, 2011)

Capital Gaborone, population 227,223 (2011 census)

Other main towns Francistown, Lobatse, Selebi-Phikwe, Orapa

Economy Major earners: diamonds, copper, nickel, beef, tourism

GNI US$7,720 per capita (World Bank, 2012)

GDP growth rate 6% (World Bank, 2012)

Currency Pula (BWP, abbreviated to P); for up-to-date rates, go to

Language English (official), Setswana (national), Shona, other local languages

Religion Christianity, traditional beliefs

International telephone code +267

Time GMT +2

Electricity 220 volts

Weights and measures Metric

Flag Broad, light-blue horizontal stripes, divided by black central stripe bordered by narrow white stripes

National anthem Fatshe leno la rona: ‘Blessed be this noble land’

Public holidays 1–2 January, Good Friday, Easter Monday, 1 May (Labour Day), Ascension Day, 1 July (Sir Seretse Khama Day), third Monday and Tuesday in July (President’s Day), 30 September (Botswana Day), 1 October, 25–26 December

(Photo: Yellow-billed hornbill in Chobe National Park © JMS Splash Photography, Shutterstock)

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