Botswana - At a glance


Botswana at a glanceYellow-billed hornbill, Chobe National Park, Botswana by JMS Splash Photography, Shutterstock

Location Southern Africa, between 20° and 30°E, and between 18° and 27°S

Size 581,730km²

Climate Subtropical. Summer (November–March): 19–35°C; winter (June– August): 5–23°C. Rainy season November–March

Status Republic

Population 2,024,904 (2011 census)

Population growth per year 1.9% (2011)

Life expectancy at birth 55 years (CIA World Factbook 2012)

Infant mortality 20/1,000 live births (World Bank, 2011)

Capital Gaborone, population 227,223 (2011 census)

Other main towns Francistown, Lobatse, Selebi-Phikwe, Orapa

Economy Major earners: diamonds, copper, nickel, beef, tourism

GNI US$7,720 per capita (World Bank, 2012)

GDP growth rate 6% (World Bank, 2012)

Currency Pula (BWP, abbreviated to P); for up-to-date rates, go to www.xe.com.

Language English (official), Setswana (national), Shona, other local languages

Religion Christianity, traditional beliefs

International telephone code +267

Time GMT +2

Electricity 220 volts

Weights and measures Metric

Flag Broad, light-blue horizontal stripes, divided by black central stripe bordered by narrow white stripes

National anthem Fatshe leno la rona: ‘Blessed be this noble land’

Public holidays 1–2 January, Good Friday, Easter Monday, 1 May (Labour Day), Ascension Day, 1 July (Sir Seretse Khama Day), third Monday and Tuesday in July (President’s Day), 30 September (Botswana Day), 1 October, 25–26 December

(Photo: Yellow-billed hornbill in Chobe National Park © JMS Splash Photography, Shutterstock)

Back to the top

Botswana articles

View all

Wetlands of the world

From Botswana to Brazil, we've picked our favourite wetlands from around the globe.

Read more...

The 7 Natural Wonders of the World

How many of these natural wonders are on your travel list? 

Read more...

The Khoisan

There is not another social group on this planet which has been studied more than the Khoisan.

Read more...

Related guides and other books

View all