The world’s most bizarre buildings

15/02/2018 10:40

Written by Bradt Travel Guides

One of the joys of visiting another city is the chance to come across quirky, surprising and unexpected buildings. Here is our choice of some of the best.

National Library, Prishtina

National Library Prishtina Kosovo by Leonid Andronov, DreamstimeThe National Library is easily one of Kosovo's most interesting buildings © Leonid Andronov, Dreamstime

The National Library at the heart of the university campus in Kosovo's capital is one of the most architecturally interesting buildings in Prishtina, although not necessarily to everyone’s taste – a 2009 website classed it among the ten most ugly buildings in the world. According to urban legend, the head of the Communist Party asked one of his aides at the official inauguration ceremony why the scaffolding had not been taken down.

Palace of Peace and Reconciliation, Astana

Palace of Peace and Reconciliation Pyramid Astana Kazakhstan By Maykova Galina ShutterstockThe pyramid was built to host the Congress of World and Traditional Religions © Maykova Galina, Shutterstock

Taking the form of a pyramid, as a structure with no denominational connotations, the Palace of Peace and Reconciliation makes for an impressive sight. On a 15m-high earth-covered mound the 62m pyramid rises up, constructed of a steel frame, its lower levels covered in granite. You enter from the east side of the structure, into the side of the mound. The first impression given on entering the pyramid is, like Doctor Who’s Tardis, one of much greater size inside than out. This is largely explained by the fact that the earth-covered mound is itself part of the structure.

Ryugyong Hotel, Pyongyang

Ryugyong Hotel, Pyongyang, North Korea by Suez, Wikimedia CommonsThe Ryugyong Hotel dominates the Pyongyang skyline © Suez, Wikimedia Commons

Stabbing 330m high into the sky, the great unfinished Ryugyong Hotel can be seen from every viewpoint in the North Korean capital Pyongyang. It has been speculated that this 105-storey pyramid inspired the Shard in London. Construction began in 1980 when Pyongyang hosted the World Student Games and, although recently clad in glass, it’s anyone’s guess as to when it will be finished.

Ferenc Raichle mansion, Subotica

Ferenc Raichle mansion, Subotica, Serbia by Hons084, Wikimedia CommonsFerenc Raichle mansion is Serbia's most striking example of Art Nouveau architecture © Hons 084, Wikimedia Commons

In this Serbian city that is rich in Art Nouveau architecture, this is the most striking example. Originally designed as an abode by Ferenc Raichle, the creative mind behind several other buildings around Subotica, the eponymous mansion now hosts a modern art gallery.

Hallgrímskirkja, Reykjavik

Hallgrimskirkja, Reykjavik, Iceland by VisitIcelandHallgrímskirkja is one of the tallest buildings in Iceland © VisitIceland

One of the tallest buildings in Iceland, Hallgrímskirkja is a symbol of Reykjavik in its own right. Its architecture borrows from an ancient theme that honours a past hero, Hallgrímur Pétursson, by invoking nature with modernism. The design was finalised in 1937, construction began after the Second World War and the town was completed in 1974. It’s possible to climb to the top of this tower for an unforgettable panorama of Reykjavik.

National Library, Minsk

National Library Minsk Belarus by Kuprevich, ShutterstockThe National Library looks even more impressive at night © Kuprevich, Shutterstock 

Opened by the president himself on 16 June 2006, this most unusual building in Belarus's capital makes for a really eye-catching sight in all of its futuristic splendour. The correct term for its geometric shape is, apparently, a rhombicuboctahedron. Whatever the technicalities, it’s quite a sight.

The Blue Church, Bratislava

Blue Church, Bratislava, Slovakia by Jozef Kotulič, Wikimedia CommonsThe Blue Church is often said to look like it is covered in cake icing © DUOMEDIA

Although formally called the Church of St Elizabeth, this Art Nouveau building in Slovakia's capital takes its name from the little ceramic tiles that cover its concrete edifice.

Khan Shatyr, Astana

Khan Shatyr weird building Astana Kazakhstan by freedarst, ShutterstockKhan Shatyr is the largest tent in the world © freedarst, Shutterstock

At 150m-high, the Khan Shatyr is the world’s largest tent, designed by British architect Norman Foster. Although from the outside the tent appears to be leaning precariously, on the inside you can clearly see the intricate and surprisingly attractive latticework of steel that supports much of the structure’s weight. This view is not unlike the inside of a beehive, and the precision with which each glazed panel interconnects with the next is striking. The complex is maintained at 24°C year round and includes a waterpark, indoor canals with gondolas, a mini golf course, a miniature train, designer label boutiques, a cinema and spa, restaurants, apartments and a large central performance space.

Guggenheim, Bilbao

Guggenheim Museum, Bilbao, Basque Country, Spain by Noradoa, ShutterstockBilbao has seen the 'Guggenheim effect' © Noradoa, Shutterstock

Bilbao’s spectacular Frank Gehry-designed Guggenheim is, of course, the headline act in the city. Bilbao and its surroundings in the Basque Country suffered in the 1980s as part of a global industrial decline, exacerbated by regional factors, but it has since sought to reinvent itself as a service economy. The ‘Guggenheim effect’ is held up as the flagship project in this process. The ‘botxo’ – the ‘hole’, as then-polluted Bilbao was once called – is no more. 

Rathaus, Basel

Rathaus Basel Switzerland by Michael Will, Basel TourismThe 16th-century Rathaus is one of the most remarkable buildings in Basel © Michael Will, Basel Tourism 

The sienna-coloured Rathaus dominates Basel's Marktplatz. The three-storey central section with clock was built between 1503 and 1507, the left-hand part with oriel window from 1606 to 1608 and the tower from 1898 to 1904. Its courtyard is decorated by frescoes executed in 1608 by Hans Bock.

UFO Bridge, Bratislava

UFO Tower Bratislava Most SNP Slovakia by DUOMEDIAThe UFO tower is one of Bratislava's iconic sights © DUOMEDIA

Built in 1972, the UFO Bridge is the world’s longest cable-stayed bridge that has one pylon and one cable-stayed span. The asymmetrical structure has a main span length of 303m, and the unique attraction is the flying saucer-shaped object housing a restaurant, bar and lookout platform above.


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 Belarus the Bradt Guide by Nigel Roberts   Iceland, The Bradt Travel Guide by Andrew Evans

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